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Sega CD FAQ

Sega CD FAQ 2.0.1
April 2001
Barry W. Cantin  (bcantin@aol.com)

Notes:

(1)  This document may be FREELY distributed in its original form.  No
changes or modifications are to be made without the author's permission.

(2)  Please do not write to me asking for game codes; it's not that I
hate getting E-mail (other than JUNK E-mail, which I *despise*) - it's
just that if they aren't found at Sega Sages: (http://www.segasages.com)
then I can't get them.

NEWSFLASH!!  Good Deal Games (http://www.gooddealgames.com) has just
released two Sega CD titles originally developed several years back:
"The Exterminators" and "Star Strike".  Both titles were developed by
Stargate Films and originally slated for release in the mid-90's.  Check
out the GDG website for more information on these two new releases!


Contents

O      Introduction
I      Description
II     History
III    System Specs
IV     The Sega CD Line of Machines
V      Software
VI     Conversion - US/Japanese/Europe
VII    Sega Backup RAM Cartridge
VIII   Emulation
IX     Leftovers


O.  Introduction

Why?

This project began several years ago when I simply wanted to compile a
list of Sega CDs.  I got my Sega CD unit (the original one) as part of a
trade in May 1995 and very quickly began collecting the games.  They
had been heavily discounted nearly everywhere as places were rushing to
unload their Sega CD stock.  Various titles were selling for as low as
$2 apiece, new.

The collector bug bit me and I started to amass these things.  %^)  So I
decided to make a list to track my collection.  That list then grew to
include a few imports I acquired in a trade, then some info from
magazines looked good, then I dug up some old Japanese magazines for
info, and so on... before I knew it, I had enough information for a
bona-fide FAQ!

The information here is not exactly presented in FAQ form - true, there
ARE a few FAQs inside this document - but it's more like a GUIDE.  My
goal here is to answer the questions before they're asked.

Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions not
answered here, or ANY comments in general related to the Sega CD.  I
will be updating this FAQ/guide periodically, and I'm always looking for
more info.

There is no list of version updates because, after all, this isn't a
piece of software.  %^)  Besides, I can't remember what I added each
time.

This FAQ was written primarily for the North American Sega CD unit,
although much of the information included is applicable to the Japanese
and European Mega CD machines as well.  I've tried to accommodate
everyone in this FAQ, but please bear in mind that since I live in the
U.S. my information on foreign systems is very limited.

I received TONS of information from several friends on the Internet for
the version 1.0 release back in June 1996.  Without this help, the FAQ
would have merely been a list of titles.  After the FAQ was released,
I received a great deal of input for an updated version, which you see
here.  %^)  Thanks so much to all who have helped.  I have removed their
E-mail addresses to protect them from spam-bots:

Helios Aniketos
Marlin Bates
Larry Brackney
Patrick Brennan
Marc Cellucci
Kendrick Kerwin Chua
Charles Coffin
Clint Dyer
Jon Folkers
B.T. Garner
Hector Gonzalez
Juan Gonzalez
Rich Harper
Vic Ireland and the rest of the Working Designs staff
Se-Duk Lim
Joe Miller
John Olson
John Sherwood
Matthew Stanton
Nathan Stehle
Michael Thomasson
David Tipton
Thien Tran
Brian Trester
Glen Varley
Steve Wargo
Dennis Warren
Andy Wei Wu
tim101(at)primenet.com

And to all the folks who frequent rgv.sega, as well as the Sega Lists
who still discuss and play their Sega CD systems... thanks!

Please address any comments, corrections, requests, etc. to me at
BCantin@aol.com.


I.  Description

The Sega CD is an add-on peripheral for the Sega Genesis which allows the
use of CD-ROM games specially written for the Sega CD system.  It can
also be used as a regular CD player - the sound comes through the
television - and has CD+G capability.

The Genesis is connected to the Sega CD unit via the interface slot, and
a/v hookups are made through the Sega CD unit instead of the Genesis.
The advantage of this is that games can take advantage of the sound
provided directly by the compact disc in addition to sound effects from
the Genesis unit itself.

A total of 149 Sega CD titles have been released in the U.S.

The Sega CD was released first in Japan as the "Mega CD", and was also
released in Europe as the Mega CD.  Most Japanese and European games can
be played on the U.S. Sega CD unit via a converter cartridge (See
section VI) but without the cart, the Japanese and American systems are
not compatible.  The converse is also true - Sega CD titles developed
for the North American Sega CD system can also be played on the European
and Japanese Mega CD systems with a converter cartridge.

Q: What does the Sega CD do to improve the system?

A: Here's what it adds to the Genesis:
   - 10 extra sound channels to complement the sound from the Genesis
     Z80 sound processor
   - sprite enhancement features such as scaling and rotation, similar
     to that of the SNES Mode 7
   What it did NOT improve was color.  The games still used 64 out of
   the total 512 colors possible (maybe more if you really knew how to
   tweak the system).  Why no color improvement?  Supposedly, cost.
   Sega's engineers reportedly wanted to include a new chip that would
   add to this, but it would have been an extra $5 part... which would
   more than likely translate to an extra $50 added to the cost of the
   machine.  Full sprite scaling and rotation were helpful, bringing new
   levels of excitement which weren't fully utilized, except perhaps in
   a few games from Core Development, Ltd.. The Sega CD also allowed
   the Genesis to play FMV ("full-motion video").  The FMV was
   originally about 1/4 screen (Sewer Shark) but later expanded to that
   of Tomcat Alley (FULL screen).

Advantages of CD games: better sound, much more information can be
stored on a CD than a cart (CD=650 MB, cart typically around 1 to 4 MB,
currently as high as 32 MB).  CDs also theoretically have an infinite
lifespan.

Disadvantages of CD games: loading time can be a pain, CDs scratch
easily.

Q: Are the Sega CD and Saturn consoles compatible?

A: Not at all.  They are two COMPLETELY different machines.
   There were some rumors circulating back in '94/'95 that Sega would
   make an adapter that would allow you to play Sega CDs on a Saturn,
   but due to cost constraints of developing and manufacturing
   such a "Power Base"-type converter, it was determined to be not
   feasible for sale in the retail market.

Q: Is the Sega 32X compatible with the Sega CD?

A: Yes.  When the 32X is mounted on top of the Genesis (attached to the
   Sega CD) there is absolutely NO interference to regular Sega CD
   games.  There were also five CD titles designed for use with the 32X
   (see Titles section) but all are just Sega CD FMV titles ported over to
   take advantage of the 32X hardware.  The difference is a noticeably
   clearer, crisper FMV and generally a larger screen.  These titles
   were also sold in yellow-stripe boxes (Digital Pictures titles),
   consistent with 32X cartridge packaging.  "Fahrenheit" (Sega) was
   sold as a combo pack, you got both the Sega CD version and the
   32X CD version in one package.

Q: Can the Sega CD read Digital Video CDs?

A: No - these CDs require the use of an MPEG cartridge, and no such
   device was ever developed for the Sega CD system.

Q: Is the Sega CD compatible with the TurboGrafx-CD/PC Engine
   CD/TurboDuo CD?

A: No, these are two entirely different game machines.  However,
   original Mega CD players COULD recognize a PC Engine CD (CD-ROM2),
   but could not play them.  A message appeared, informing you that a PC
   Engine CD was inserted in the unit.

Q: Which machine is responsible for the sound and music - the Genesis,
   or the Sega CD?

A: Both.  The Genesis audio output is fed into the Sega CD via the
   mixing cable (stereo mini-male to mini-male).  The audio is then
   mixed by the Sega CD unit and blended with sound from the CD.  The
   L/R audio jacks from the Sega CD contain this "blended" Sega
   CD/Genesis sound/music.  Usually, a game's sound effects are produced
   by the Genesis, while the music is provided by the CD.  If the setup
   uses a Model I Genesis (i.e., with a volume control), then you can
   control the audio from the Genesis separately from the Sega CD.


II.  History

Development of the Sega CD was top secret.  Programmers did not know
what was being designed until the system was unveiled at the Tokyo Toy
Show in Japan.  Upon release, companies were told to start with "high
memory"-based cartridge games and work from there (add cinemas, CD-
music, FMV, etc., later).  The Sega CD was designed to take on the PC
Engine (TurboGrafx-16) CD unit, and NOT the SNES.  The key factor to the
Sega CD's design was that engineers based it somewhat on the PCE-CD, but
with MORE memory and a slightly faster drive (6 Mbits and 150k transfer
rate at 0.8 access time).

The original Mega-CD was released in Japan in 1991 and was developed to
compete with NEC's PC Engine CD-ROM drive (equivalent to the TurboGrafx-
CD in the U.S.).  The machine was released with the following titles in
Japan:  Earnest Evans, Woodstock Funky Horror Rock Band, Detonator
Organ, etc.  The system was initially a hit in Japan, due to the CD
based RPGs (!) and the inherent advantages of CD-based titles (lots of
text, pics, animation, CD-based music, etc.).  Lunar: Silver Star was
one of these and helped sell the system during slow sales periods.

The Mega Drive (Genesis) is mounted to the Mega CD (Sega CD) unit
through the interface slot on the right side, and rested on top of it.
This is the front-loading model.  The drawer is opened by hitting the
 button, and closed by either hitting the pause button on
controller #1 or via the CD system software CLOSE command.

The Sega CD was released in November 1992 in the U.S. and looked very
much like the Japanese Mega CD counterpart.  Several pack-in titles were
included: the Sega Classics 4-in-1 CD (Shinobi, Columns, Streets of
Rage, and Golden Axe), Sherlock Holmes I, Sol Feace, and two CD+G/music
CD samplers.  The original selling price was $299.  (The second U.S.
production run after the initial 50,000 units had the Sega Classics
5-game CD instead of the four-game CD above - see CDX)

There were seven Sega CD titles available at the time of launch:

   Cobra Command
   Night Trap
   Black Hole Assault
   Sewer Shark
   Chuck Rock
   INXS Make Your Own Music Video
   Marky Mark Make Your Own Music Video

Initial hype resulted in incredible sales.  There were 50,000 units
originally allotted in early November for the US launch.  ALL the units
were sold by the third week (prior to Thanksgiving).  The second run
began arriving in stores December 1992, approximately three days before
Christmas.

In 1994 Sega released a new, smaller Genesis and had a Sega CD II to
go with it.  This model connected to the Genesis in a side-by-side
configuration.  Discs are loaded into the top of the unit, through a
manually-opened door.

Summer 1994 also saw the release of the CDX, the compact all-in-one
Genesis/Sega CD combo unit.  SRP of the CDX was $399.

Several third-party developers had signed on to do Sega CDs, including Sony
Imagesoft, Vic Tokai, Konami, Data East, EA Sports, Psygnosis, Working
Designs, and many others.

The early Sega CD titles were packaged inside a cardboard box with the
instructions, and CD in a regular jewel case inside.  (Examples include
WonderDog, Jaguar, all the "Make My Video" titles except C+C Music
Factory)  In 1993, Sega of America began packaging them in large plastic
jewel cases, about 8-1/4" by 5-3/4" and about 3/4" thick.  These are the
same jewel cases used by Saturn games and some early Playstation titles
today.  One title, "Rise of the Dragon", was released both ways.

Note that Sega of Japan continued to use regular-sized jewel cases for
all Mega CD games, with small instructions to fit inside, just like a
music CD.

   * Production runs for the Sega CD (original model) ended in 1993
   * Production runs for the Sega CD2 ended in December 1995, in order
     to increase the production of the Saturn

   * Total number produced: officially - ???
     - Unofficial estimate: 2.5 million, U.S., 2 - 3 million, Japan, 1
       million, Europe


III.  System Specs

The Sega CD adds graphics and sound capabilities to the standard Genesis
console.  Graphically, it provides superior scaling and rotation.  Most
of the sound for Sega CDs comes right off the disk, in addition to game
sound effects which can be provided by the Genesis.

System specs:

Main CPU: Motorola 68000 @ 12.5 MHz
   * Same as the Genesis... runs in parallel with it... except the Genesis
     CPU runs at the slower clock speed 7.9 MHz

Graphics Processor: Custom ASIC

RAM:
   * 6 Mbit Main RAM
     - Program
     - Picture
   * 512 Kbit PCM Waveform Memory
     - Wavefile memory
   * 128 Kbit CD-ROM data cache memory
   * 64 Kbit Internal Backup RAM

Colors:
   * Originally 64, same as Genesis
   * Using programming tricks, can get 128 colors via HAM ("Hold and
     Modify")
     - Originally developed on the Commodore Amiga to boost color
       capabilities
     - Basically a graphic over a graphic = a double-color
   * Using Cinepak and TruVideo:
     - 128 to 256 colors
     - Increase screen size from 1/4 to full
     - Advanced compression scheme, used in Win 95
     - Software-based upgrade
   * Eternal Champions CD uses 256 colors simultaneously (only game to
     do so)

Storage capability of a Sega CD
   * Approximately 500 MB of data (62 min of audio data equivalent)
   * 1/4 screen B/W footage video: 1.5 to 4 hours
   * 1/4 screen color footage: 45 minutes
   * Above specs are prior to compression

Transfer rate of Sega CD: 150 kbytes/sec (Single Speed)

Boot ROM:
   * 1 Mbit, contains:
     - CD Game Bios
     - CD Player Software
     - CD+G Software

Bios versions:
   * When you start the Sega CD, the title screen displays the Bios
     version in the upper-right corner of the screen.  This helps
     identify what machine version you are using and in a way the
     security capabilities.  (Startup music and startup screen of the
     Sega CD is different for each Bios)

   Bios Version     Machine
       1.00         Original Mega CD
       1.10         Original Sega CD, Motorized Drive
       2.00         Sega CD2/Mega CD2
       2.05         Sega CD2
       2.10         Sega CD2
       2.21         Sega CDX

CD Access time: 800 ms

Sound Circuitry:
   * PCM Sound Source
     - Stereo, 8 channels
   * 32 KHz Maximum sampling wavelength
   * 16 Bit D/A converter
   * 8X internal over-sampling digital filter

Audio characteristics:
   * Frequency Range: 20Hz - 20 KHz
   * Signal-to-Noise Ratio: >900dB@1K
   * Channel Separation: >900dB

Output: RCA Pin Jack x2 (L/R)

Dimensions: 301mm (w) x 212.5 (d) x 112.5 (h)

Weight (Sega CD1): 3.1 lbs / 1.4 kg


IV.  The Sega CD Line of Machines

The Sega CD exists in many forms:

     Sega CD I  (Mega CD I in Japan)
     Sega CD II (Mega CD II in Japan)
     JVC X'Eye  (Wondermega in Japan)
     Sega CDX   (Sega CDX in Japan)
     LaserActive (by Pioneer) Sega CD module

[Sega CD I]

The Sega CD I is the original unit.  It features a front-loading CD
tray and lights to indicate power to CD unit (green) and CD access
(red).  The Genesis attaches to it via the slot located on the right
side of the Genesis console.  This was the production run for Japan
(Mega CD) and the initial 50,000 units for the U.S market.  SCD 1.5 was
the second US production run, beginning after brisk sales of the first
run.  Sony manufactured the CD drive components for this model.

Since the original Genesis has a built-in audio output (with volume
control), the Sega CD requires this output as part of the connection.
Besides the interface connection on the side of the Genesis (which sits
on TOP of the Sega CD unit), an audio cable is used from the headphone
output of the Genesis to the "Mixing" input of the Sega CD.  This allows
you to change the volume of the Genesis while the Sega CD volume is kept
constant.

   Q: I've lost the mixing cable.  How can I get a replacement?

   A: Go to Radio Shack and purchase the shortest stereo mini (male) to
      mini (male) that you can find.  This will work.  Just be sure
      to keep it away from the power supply cord (interference).

[Sega CD II]

The Sega CD II was released to match the newer-style Genesis II.  The
machine is 100% compatible with the first unit - i.e., all Sega CDs play
on both machines.  There are several differences between the newer model
and the first one: the never model has a top-loading tray, the power and
access lights are small red LEDs on the top of the unit, and the
construction seems to be less sturdy than the first model.  Also, JVC
(instead of Sony) manufactured the drive components for this model.  The
Sega CD II unit had several pack-in configurations, the most popular
being Sewer Shark (SCD2a).  Other pack-in configurations include:

SCD2b: Sonic CD
SCD2c: Sonic CD, Power Rangers, and Sewer Shark
SCD2d: Joe Montana Football (Sports Pack)
SCD2e: Tomcat Alley (Current and FINAL run)

Some older games like Lunar: The Silver Star and Dark Wizard
occasionally lock up on the Sega CD2.  It does have, however, slightly
shorter access times with games such as Lunar: Eternal Blue.  There
have also been reports that "Who Shot Johnny Rock?" will lock up a
Sega CD II unit.

   Q:  Can I use my Sega CD II unit with my older-model Genesis?
   A:  Yes.  It attaches like the original model Genesis (I) to the CD
       Unit.  A special plastic extender plate adds on to the left
       side of SCD2 to hold the original Genesis.

   Q:  How about using a Sega CD I (older) unit with the newer model
       Genesis?
   A:  "Officially", no.  However, a special cable CAN be made to
       attach it as such.  It will not be as sturdy, and it's unsure
       how reliable this would be.  The hookups don't match for sound
       and you'll have to use the RF box unless you patch everything.
       Also, you cannot use the connector plate.

[JVC X'Eye]

The JVC X'Eye is an all-in-one unit, as it contains a Genesis-compatible
and a Sega CD-compatible in one housing.  The X'Eye includes the
pack-in titles "Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia" and "Prize Fighter",
both in cardboard sleeves.  A Karaoke CD was also included; the X'Eye
is capable of playing Karaoke-CDs as well.

In Japan, the X'Eye is known as the "Wondermega".  There were two
versions:

   * Original
     - Larger than the current model (Approx. size of SCD2 and SG2 in
       width)
     - Capable of handling oversized CDs (> 5"), which was the original
       concept behind CD movies in Japan... the format was NOT adopted
     - MIDI connection (music keyboard compatible)
     - Specialized MIDI/Keyboard development kit/program available in
       Japan ONLY.
   * Current version
     - Same as US X'Eye
     - Slimmer than Wondermega I
     - Lack extra features of the original

All Wondermegas were built by JVC Musical Industries of Japan.

[Sega CDX]

The Sega CDX is similar to the X'Eye in that it plays standard Genesis
carts as well as most Sega CDs.  Its advantage is the size -- about the
size of a portable CD player.  This unit is portable (Sega even made a
carrying case for it) but still requires a television or monitor to
play.  There were three CDs included as pack-ins: Sega Classics V
(Streets of Rage, Shinobi, Golden Axe, Columns, and Super Monaco GP),
Sonic CD, and Ecco the Dolphin CD.

The CDX can also be a standalone battery-operated CD player.  Front-
mounted audio control buttons can fully operate the CD player, so that
a TV hookup is not necessary.

There were a couple design problems that make the CDX incompatible with
some Genesis/Sega CD hardware.  The controller ports are not positioned
the same way as they are on a Sega Genesis, so items requiring the use
of both ports simultaneously (e.g. Four-Way Play) will not work on the
CDX without the use of two controller extension cords.  One other common
complaint is that the various I/O cords (controllers, headphones, a/v)
input to three different sides of the device, thereby increasing its
footprint.  It's not uncommon for the cables to get tangled this way.

There are a few Sega-CD titles that are not compatible with the CDX:

   Jurassic Park (works, but takes a VERY LONG TIME to load)
   Radical Rex
   Terminator
   Who Shot Johnny Rock?

   Q:  Was the Sega CDX compatible with the Sega Channel?
   A:  Yes - they were compatible.  Of course, only for cart-based
       games.

   Q:  Can I use a 32X add-on with my CDX?
   A:  Yes.  Although it's not officially endorsed by Sega, it *is*
       possible.  There may be a problem with spacing the 32X device
       over the unit, though... the lid cannot open fully and lock
       into place.  It still works fine, though (although not as
       sturdy).

[LaserActive]

The LaserActive system by Pioneer was a noble attempt at an all-in-one
unit.  It is essentially a Laser Disc player with available add-on
"modules" for Sega CD/Genesis and TurboGrafx-16/CD/PC Engine games.  The
machine also has its own library of LaserActive game titles.  The
LaserActive was expensive ($800?) and each add-on module cost nearly
as much as the machine it was emulating (~$200 to $300), so cost was a
prohibitive factor in large volume sales of the unit.


V.  Software

This list of Sega CD titles was the very first part of the FAQ.  Once I
completed it I had amassed enough information for an entire FAQ, and it
just kept growing, and growing, and growing...

Numbers in parentheses () refer to notes at the bottom.

Guide to nomenclature:

   1st person shooter (1st-P) - a non-overhead, non-side-scrolling
      shooting game which takes place from the point of view of the
      player's ship/character/etc.  These games usually take advantage
      of the Sega CD's additional hardware and have much better effects
      than a comparable Genesis shooter.
   Action - arcade action, includes flying, and games with multiple
      elements (driving, shooting, platform, etc.)
   FMV - "Full Motion Video".  This is a type of game which uses
      digitized video or digitized animation for its graphics and
      gameplay is usually limited to pressing buttons at certain times.
      "Dragon's Lair" in the arcade is probably the earliest example
      of this, in which you had to time the main character's actions
      precisely - or else he was toast.
   Platform - Run and jump type of game, side-scrolling, in which the
      character can explore a landscape while running, jumping, and
      attacking with various types of weapons.  The word platform comes
      from early platform titles (e.g. Super Mario Brothers) in which
      the character actually jumped on various platforms.
   RPG - "Role Playing Game".  The first person RPGs refer to those
      games in which your view is a 3-D character's view of the dungeon,
      and you "see what your characters see".  General RPGs don't give
      the first-person perspective, but instead a general overhead or
      "3/4 overhead" perspective on your character(s).  The purpose is
      generally some large quest, and your characters gain strength,
      better weapons, and improved attributes along the way.
   Shooter - implies a side-scrolling or horizontal shoot-em-up.

There are 149 titles available in North America.

Name                                    Type                 Company
------------------------------------------------------------------------
The Adventures of Batman and Robin     Driving               Sega
   (different from cart)
Afterburner 3                          Action                Sega
AH-3 Thunderstrike                     Flying sim            JVC
Amazing Spiderman vs. Kingpin          Action/Platform       Sega
Android Assault                        Shooter               Big Fun
The Animals! (San Diego Zoo)           Educational/Ref.      Software
                                                               Toolworks
AX-101                                 FMV Shooter (1st-P)   Absolute

B.C. Racers                            Driving               Core Design
Batman Returns                         Action (driving)      Sega
Battlecorps                            Shooter (1st-P)       Core Design
Bill Walsh College Football            Sports                EA Sports
Black Hole Assault                     Fighting              Bignet USA
Bouncers                               Action                Sega
Brutal - Paws of Fury                  Fighting              Gametek
Bug Blasters: The Exterminators        FMV shooter           Good Deal
                                                               Games

Cadillacs and Dinosaurs                Driving/shooting      Rocket Sci.
Championship Soccer '94                Sports                Sony
Chuck Rock                             Platform              Sony
Chuck Rock II - Son of Chuck           Platform              Virgin Int.
Cliffhanger                            Action/platform       Sony
Cobra Command                          FMV shooter           Sega
Colors of Modern Rock (8)              Music Video           Sega
Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia (4) Educational/Ref.      Compton's
Corpse Killer                          FMV shooter (6)       Digital
                                                               Pictures
Crime Patrol                           FMV shooter (6)       ALG

Dark Wizard                            RPG/strategy          Sega
Demolition Man                         Platform              Acclaim
Double Switch                          FMV action            Sega
Dracula                                Action                Sony
Dracula Unleashed (2CDs)               FMV action            Sega
Dragon's Lair                          FMV action            Readysoft
Dune                                   Interactive/FMV       Virgin Int.
Dungeon Explorer                       RPG/arcade            Sega
Dungeon Master 2: Skullkeep            RPG/1st person        JVC

Earthworm Jim CD (Special Edition)     Platform              Shiny Ent.
Ecco the Dolphin CD                    Action/platform       Sega
Echo the Dolphin 2: The Tides of
   Time CD                             Action/platform       Sega
ESPN Baseball Tonight                  Sports                Sony
ESPN National Hockey Night             Sports                Sony
ESPN NBA Hangtime '95                  Sports                Sony
ESPN Sunday Night NFL                  Sports                Sony
Eternal Champions CD                   Fighting              Sega
Eye of the Beholder                    RPG/1st person        Sega

Fahrenheit (packaged w/ 32X version)   FMV action            Sega
Fatal Fury Special                     Fighting              JVC
FIFA Soccer                            Sports                EA Sports
Final Fight                            Fighting              Sega
Flashback CD                           Platform              Sega
Flink                                  Platform              Vic Tokai
Formula 1 World Championship           Driving               Sega
Frankenstein/Dracula (combo)           FMV action            Sony

Ground Zero Texas (2 CDs)              FMV shooter           Sony

Heart of the Alien                     Platform              Virgin Int.
Heimdall                               Puzzle/RPG            JVC
Hook                                   Platform              Sony

INXS: Make My Video                    FMV music             Sega
Iron Helix                             Action/puzzle/sci-fi  Spectrum
                                                               Holobyte

Jaguar XJ220                           Driving               JVC
Jeopardy                               Quiz                  Sony
Joe Montana NFL Football               Sports                Sega
Jurassic Park (5)                      Action/1st-P/Puzzle   Sega

Keio's Flying Squadron                 Shooter               JVC
Kids on Site                           FMV educational       Sony
Kris Kross                             FMV music             Sony

Lawnmower Man                          1st-P action/puzzle   SCI
Lethal Enforcers (with gun)            Shooter (6)           Konami
Lethal Enforcers 2: Gunfighters        Shooter (6)           Konami
Links: The Challenge of Golf           Sports                Virgin Int.
Loadstar                               FMV action            Rocket Sci.
Lords of Thunder                       Shooter               Sega
Lunar: The Silver Star                 RPG                   Working
                                                               Designs
Lunar: Eternal Blue                    RPG                   Working
                                                               Designs

Mad Dog McCree                         Shooter (6)           ALG
Mad Dog McCree 2: The Lost Gold        Shooter (6)           ALG
Mansion of Hidden Souls                Action/puzzle         Vic Tokai
Marky Mark                             FMV music             Sega
Masked Rider (Kamen Rider ZO)          FMV action            Sega
Mega Race                              1st-P action          Software
                                                               Toolworks
Mickey Mania                           Platform              Sony
Microcosm                              1st person action     Psygnosis
Midnight Raiders                       FMV action/shooter    Sega
Mighty Morphin Power Rangers           FMV action            Sega
Mortal Kombat CD                       Fighting              Acclaim
My Paint                               Educational           Sega

NBA Jam CD                             Sports                Acclaim
NFL Trivia                             Quiz/sports           CapDisc
NFL's Greatest Teams                   Sports Trivia         Sega
NHL '94                                Sports                EA Sports
Night Trap (2CDs) (1)                  FMV action            Digital
                                                               Pictures
Nova Storm                             1st-person shooter    Psygnosis

Panic!                                 Puzzle/humor          Data East
Pitfall CD                             Platform              Activision
Popful Mail                            Platform/RPG          Working
                                                               Designs
Power Factory                          FMV music             Sony
Power Monger                           Strategy/sim          EA
Prince of Persia                       Platform              Sega
Prize Fighter (2 CDs)  (4)             FMV action            Sega
Puggsy                                 Platform              Psygnosis

Racing Aces                            Flying sim/action     Sega
Radical Rex (5)                        Platform              Activision
RDF Global Conflict                    1st person shooter    Absolute
Revenge of the Ninja                   Fighting              Renovation
Revengers of Vengeance                 Fighting              Extreme
Rise of the Dragon (2) [1st rel.]      Mystery               Sega
  Rise of the Dragon (2) [2nd rel.]    Mystery               Dynamix
Road Avenger                           FMV action            Renovation
Road Rash                              Driving               EA
Robo Aleste                            Shooter               Tengen

Samurai Shodown CD                     Fighting              JVC
Secret of Monkey Island                Mystery/puzzle        JVC
Sega Classics Arcade
   Collection (4-in-1) (1)             Misc. arcade/puzzle   Sega
Sega Classics Arcade
   Collection (5-in-1) (3)             Misc. arcade/
                                          puzzle/driving     Sega
Sewer Shark (2)                        FMV action            Sony/DP
Shadow of the Beast II                 Platform              Psygnosis
Sherlock Holmes (1)                    Mystery/puzzle        Sega
Sherlock Holmes II                     Mystery/puzzle        Sega
Shining Force CD                       RPG/strategy          Sega
Silpheed                               1st person shooter    Sega
Slam City with Scottie Pippen (4 CDs)  FMV action            Digital
                                                               Pictures
Snatcher                               Mystery/gun (6)       Konami
Sol Feace (1)                          Shooter               Sega
Sonic CD                               Platform              Sega
Soulstar                               1st person shooter    Core Design
Space Ace                              FMV action            Readysoft
Space Adventure (Cobra)                Mystery/Digital
                                          Comic Book         Hudson Soft
Starblade                              1st person shooter    Namco
Star Strike                            FMV shooter           Good Deal
                                                               Games
Star Wars Chess                        Strategy              Software
                                                               Toolworks
Star Wars Rebel Assault                FMV action            JVC
Stellar Fire                           1st person shooter    Dynamix
Supreme Warrior (2 CDs)                FMV fighting          Digital
                                                               Pictures
Surgical Strike (9)                    FMV shooter           Sega

3 Ninjas/ Hook (2 CDs)                 Platform              Sony
Terminator (5)                         Platform              Virgin Int.
Third World War                        Strategy/sim          Extreme
Time Gal                               FMV action            Renovation
Tomcat Alley                           FMV action            Sega
Trivial Pursuit                        Quiz                  Parker Bros

Ultraverse Prime/Microcosm             Platform/
                                          1st-P shooter      Sony

Vay                                    RPG                   Working
                                                               Designs

Wheel of Fortune                       Quiz                  Sony
Who Shot Johnny Rock (5)               Shooter (6)           ALG
Wild Woody                             Platform              Sega
Willy Beamish                          Action/adventure      Dynamix
Wing Commander                         Action                EA
Wirehead                               FMV action            Sega
Wolfchild                              Platform              JVC
Wonderdog                              Platform              JVC
World Cup USA 94                       Sports                US Gold
WWF Rage in the Cage                   Sports                Arena Ent.

32X versions of the following CDs were also released:

   Corpse Killer     (Digital Pictures)
   Fahrenheit        (Sega)  (Sega CD and 32X versions packaged together)
   Night Trap        (Digital Pictures) (this is the edited version)
   Slam City         (Digital Pictures)
   Supreme Warrior   (Digital Pictures)


Notes:
(1)    Sega CD 1 pack-in item.  Complete Pack-ins for Sega CD 1 (5 items):
          Sega Classics 4-in-1 CD (Shinobi, Streets of Rage, Columns,
             Golden Axe)
          Sherlock Holmes
          Sol Feace CD
          CD+G Sampler
          R&R Music sampler
(2)    Sega CD 2 Pack-in item.  (no box included, as well as smaller
       manual)
(3)    Sega CDX Pack-in item.  Contains Same four games as 4-in-1 plus
       Super Monaco GP.
(4)    JVC X'eye Pack-in item.  Compton's and Prize Fighter are in
       cardboard boxes/sleeves.
(5)    Does not work with Sega CDX system and may give trouble on a
       Sega CD Model II unit.
(6)    You can use a light gun for this game.
       There were two types of light guns produced for Sega CD games.
       The first is the "Justifier", by Konami, which is included with
       Lethal Enforcers.  It can be used to play these titles: "Lethal
       Enforcers", "Lethal Enforcers 2", and "Snatcher".  The other
       light gun is by American Laser Games.  It wasn't included with any
       of their Sega CD titles, but had to be purchased separately.  A
       second gun (for player 2) was also made but is currently
       hard-to-find.  (Note: The Sega "Menacer" can also be used for
       these games, but unlike the American Laser Games guns, the
       Menacer requires batteries.)  These guns can be used with the
       following games:  "Crime Patrol", "Mad Dog McCree", "Mad Dog
       McCree II: The Lost Gold", and "Who Shot Johnny Rock".  Also,
       "Corpse Killer" (Digital Pictures) can be used with the Menacer.
(7)    All American Laser Games are FMV shooters.
       All Digital Pictures games are FMV-based.
(8)    "Colors of Modern Rock" is a promo-only CD by Sega and Digital
       Pictures.  It's a CD with six music videos produced in
       conjunction with Warner Custom Music.  You can play the videos as
       in a normal VCR tape.  The screen is approximately 1/3,
       combination of color and black-and-white.  It allows for play,
       stop, search, skip, freeze, and storage of 9 frames (based on
       available backup RAM space).  (c) 1993 Sega, product code:
       WCM-9302-00 (in case anyone's interested).
       Featured bands (and song titles):
          Too Much Joy         Donna Everywhere
          T-Ride               Back Door Romeo
          The Belltower        Outshine the Sun
          Xtra Large           Hooker
          Mr. Big              To Be With You
          Dramarama            Haven't Got a Clue
(9)    Surgical Strike was never released for the 32X, despite the offer
       on the manual cover for an upgrade.  The original offer - noted
       on the cover of the instruction booklet as well - was to send
       Sega the card from the instruction booklet along with $3.75 for
       P&H, and Sega would send you an upgraded Surgical Strike CD for
       the 32X.  In early 1996, the 32X version was cancelled.  Not long
       afterward, Sega sent a letter to people who mailed in for the
       upgrade, explaining the cancellation.  They also offered to
       refund the $3.75 or send two Sega CDs of your choice.  The CDs
       offered could be chosen from a list of 30 or so titles.

Here is a partial list of some additional Japanese titles (please send
info on others to BCantin@aol.com):

   3x3 Eyes (RPG)
   A-Rank Thunder (RPG)
   Aisle Lord (RPG)
   AlShark (RPG/Adventure)
   Annet Again (Platform Fighting Adventure game - sequel to El Viento)
      (a.k.a. "Anet Futatabi")
   Arcus 1 2 3
   Birth of Goddess (RPG) (released?)
   Burai (RPG)
   Burning Fists (Fighting)
   Captain Tsubasa (Sports/soccer)
   Cosmic Fantasy Stories (RPG - Cosmic Fantasy parts 1/2)
   Cyborg 009 (Platform)
   Death Bringer (RPG)
   Detonator Organ (RPG)
   Devastator (Side scrolling shooter)
   Dynamic Country Golf (Sports)
   Earnest Evans (Platform)
   F-1 Circus (Racing)
   Fhey Area (RPG)  (note - also spelled "FAERIA" on other platforms)
   Funky Horror Band (RPG)
   Gods (Action)
   Heavy Nova (Fighter)
   Heroic Legend of Arslan (Strategy)
   Hyper Attax (Action)
   Illusion City (RPG)
   Kelo Yugskitai
   Lordos Tou Senki (RPG)
   Magic Girl (Anime adventure/detective)
   Mega Schwarzchild (Sim)
   Might & Magic 3 (RPG)
   Night Striker (1st person Shooter)
   Ninja Warriors (Action Arcade)
   Nobunaga (military sim?)
   Phantom City
   Pop' N Land (Platform)
   Power Drift (Driving) (released?)
   Power League Baseball (Sports)
   Ranma 1/2 (Anime puzzle?/fighting?)
   Record of Lodoss Wars (strategy)
   Semboku (released?)
   Side Story of After Armageddon (RPG)
   Silky Lip (Anime adventure/detective)
   Super League CD (Baseball)
   Tenkafubu (Ancient Japan military strategy?)
   Tokyo Mah-Jongg (Tile game)
   Urusei Yatsura - Dear My Friends (Interactive Anime)
   Wonder Mega Collection (WonderMega pack-in)
   (Detective Game with Japanese characters, # G-6006)

***equivalents to N.A. (North American) titles***

   Bari Arm = Android Assault
   Battle Fantasy = Revengers of Vengeance
   Heavenly Symphony = Formula One: Beyond the Limit
   Kamen Rider ZO = Masked Rider
   Ninja Haygate = Revenge of the Ninja
   Switch = Panic!
   ThunderStorm = Cobra Command
   Yumeni Mystery Mansion = Mansion of Hidden Souls

*** also released in N.A., same names ***
   Afterburner 3
   AX-101
   Black Hole Assault
   Final Fight CD
   Lunar: The Silver Star
   Lunar II: Eternal Blue
   Popful Mail
   Prince of Persia
   Shadow of the Beast 2
   Shining Force CD
   Silpheed
   Sol-Feace
   Sonic CD (music is different)
   Starblade
   Third World War
   Wonder Dog

Here is a partial list of some European Mega CD titles:

   Afterburner 3
   Amazing Spiderman vs Kingpin
   The Animals!
   Another World
   BC Racers
   Batman Returns
   Black Hole Assault
   Bloodshot
   Cannon Fodder
   Chuck Rock
   Chuck Rock 2 - Son of Chuck
   Cobra Command
   Cobra Space Adventure (?)
   Corpse Killer
   Demolition Man (?)
   Dracula Unleashed
   Dragon Lore: The Legend Begins (?)
   Dune
   Dungeon Explorer (?)
   Dungeon Master 2
   Earnest Evans (?)
   Earthworm Jim
   Ecco the Dolphin
   Ecco 2
   Eternal Champions
   Eye of the Beholder
   Fahrenheit
   Fatal Fury Special
   FIFA Soccer
   Final Fight
   Flux (?)
   Hammer (?)
   Heavy Nova
   Heimdall (?)
   Heimdall 2 (completed?)
   Jaguar XJ220
   Jurassic Park
   Keio's Flying Squadron
   Kids on Site
   Kriss Kross
   Lethal Enforcers
   Lethal Enforcers 2
   Links Golf
   Lords of Thunder
   Marko's Magic Football (Domark)  (released?)
   Marky Mark: Make My Video
   Mega Race
   Microcosm
   Midnight Raiders
   Mortal Kombat
   Myst (?)
   Night Trap
   Night Striker (?)
   Nostalgia 1907 (?)
   Power Monger
   Power Rangers
   Prince of Persia
   Puggsy
   Revenge of the Ninja (?)
   Road Avenger
   Robo Aleste
   Samurai Shodown
   Sensible Soccer (Psygnosis)
   Sewer Shark
   Shadow of the Beast 2
   Shining Force CD
   Silpheed
   Slam City
   Snatcher
   Sol-Feace
   Sonic CD
   Soul Star
   Starblade
   Supreme Warrior
   Surgical Strike
   Syndicate
   Theme Park
   Thunderhawk
   Time Gal
   Timecop (?)
   Tomcat Alley
   Wiz N Liz (?)
   Wolfchild
   Wonderdog
   World Cup Golf (?)
   WWF: Rage in the Cage
   Yumeni Mystery Mansion (aka "Mansion of the Hidden Souls")

European Mega CDs *not* released in North America:

Bloodshot
Cannon Fodder
Sensible Soccer
Syndicate
Theme Park


There were also some demo CDs that were occasionally included with UK
magazines, such as "Sega Pro" and "Mega Power".  These typically
included partial versions (demos!) of Sega CD games about to be
released.

Q:  Is anyone still releasing Sega CD titles?  Or is this a completely
    DEAD platform?

A:  Nope - not dead at all.  Good Deal Games has recently released two
    Sega CD titles that were previously in the "Unreleased" category!
    "Exterminators" and "Star Strike" - two games developed by Stargate
    Films, were unearthed and released by GDG.  There is the possibility
    that more releases will follow, depending on sales of these two
    titles.  For more information on these two games, check out the GDG
    website at http://www.gooddealgames.com

Q:  I thought (GAME X) was released.  I've seen it listed for sale in
    various magazines.  What happened to it?

A:  This happens all the time.  A video game retailer (new or used, they
    all seem to do it) gets wind of a game under development, and
    then lists it for sale - even if it hasn't been released yet.  Of
    course, when you call in to order it, it's not available - but will
    be as of [...some date, a few months in the future].  They design
    their sale lists to reflect changes to accommodate new releases.
    What happens is that sometimes a title will be canceled before it's
    complete, yet it's still listed for sale all over the place.  This
    is not the developers' fault, but the fault of the video game
    retailers that include unreleased titles on their sale lists.
    Sometimes a game will be reviewed in a magazine, fooling some people
    into believing that it's been released.  In these cases, the
    reviewers nearly always get demo versions or early copies of games,
    that are occasionally canceled prior to release.  Meanwhile, there's
    a review of it out there somewhere, getting people ready for it.
    Sad, but true.  (Good example currently is "Penn & Teller's Smoke
    and Mirrors", which has probably been reviewed by every major gaming
    mag, and even made the cover of "Sega Visions"... yet the title was
    dropped before it could be released).

Q:  What are some of those titles that have never been released, that
    will probably NEVER see the light of day?

A:  NOTE: Some titles change before release also, which may account for
    this.  I'll be sure to let you know if I find any such examples.

    This list is naturally subject to change... but it doesn't look like
    it will.  I haven't gone through ALL the ads I've seen, these are a
    few of the more prevalent ones (I've seen ads for most of these, a
    few reviews too... and no, they're not out).  If I included all
    the unreleased titles from the many sale lists I've looked at from
    1993-present, there would probably be 30-40 more titles on it...
    Work has been done (in some cases to completion) on each of these
    titles below.

     UNRELEASED SEGA CD TITLES THAT SAW SOME SORT OF DEVELOPMENT, or at
     least were announced by their respective companies:
     ------------------------------------------------------------

        *****  NOTE:  This list is by NO means complete!  *****

        36 Great Holes/Fred Couples (Sega Sports)
        Aero Racers (Revell)
        Akira (T*HQ)
        Baby Boom (Sega?)
        Battle Fantasy (Extreme)
        Battle Frenzy (Core)
           (NOT the same as "Battle Corps", this one may have been
            released on cartridge instead)
        Battletech: Grey Death Legion (Extreme/Absolute)
        Braindead 13 (Readysoft)
        Bubba & Stix (Core Design)
        Captain Commando (Capcom)
        Citizen X (Sega/Digital Pictures)
        Clue (Parker Brothers)
        Crime Patrol 2: Drug Wars (American Laser Games)
        Dai Bing
        Dark Ride (Rocket Science Games) [reportedly runs at 60 FPS!]
        Darkseed (Vic Tokai)
        Dragon's Lair 2 (Readysoft)
        European Racers (Revell)
        Flying Nightmares (Domark)
        Forgotten Worlds (Capcom)
        Hammer vs. Evil D. in Soulfire (Sega/GTE Interactive)
        Harrier (Domark)
        Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis
        Kingdom: The Far Reaches (CapDisc)
        Myst (Broderbund)
        NHL All-Star Hockey (Sega Sports)
        No Escape (Sony Imagesoft)
        Penn & Teller's Smoke and Mirrors (Accolade)
        Power Drift
        Prince VVCR (Sega) ("Prince", as in "SymbolMan")
        Rise of the Robots (JVC)
        Rocketboy (Rocket Science Games)
        Shadow of Atlantis (Sega)
        Side Pocket: Special Edition (Data East) (completed?)
        Space Pirates (American Laser Games)
        Strider Deluxe (Capcom)
        Time Slip (ASG Technologies)
        Total Carnage (T*HQ)
        Wing Nuts (Stargate Films - completed?)
        Young Indiana Jones (Sega)


VI.  Conversion

   Q:  Is it possible to play foreign CDs on my Sega CD/Mega CD?
   A:  Yes, but...

If you insert a foreign CD into your Sega CD (remember, there are three
nationalities of Sega CDs here: European, Japanese, and U.S.), you will
not be able to load it.  The reason for this is that a "nationality"
lockout code is on each Sega CD and Mega CD unit.  This assures (without
outside help) that a particular CD will only be playable on its
particular system.
   There is a way around this lock-out code.  There are cartridges
available that plug directly into the Genesis slot that allow foreign
CDs to be used by any system by "undoing" this lockout code.

[The Lockout Chip]

The Sega CD unit had a specially designed BIOS chip/security program
that prevented the unit from reading CD games intended for other markets
(US, Japanese, European), such as Japanese or European CDs on a U.S.
machine, and vice-versa.  This Lockout chip or BIOS information
instructed the CD unit to read the CD and look for a certain
file/security identifier that indicated that the CD was authorized for
use on the system.

To work around this, Datel designed the Pro CD-X and Pro CD-X Plus.

Pro CD-X (and Pro CD-X Plus)

This is a special cartridge that plugs into the Genesis in the cart slot
and overrides the security commands of the Sega CD.  This allows you to
play any Sega CD or Mega CD title on any Sega CD or Mega CD system of a
different origin.  However, it wasn't 100% effective - not all games
were compatible with this unit, making its appeal very limited.

During Sega's redesign of the Genesis and CD system, they updated the
Bios to prevent this cartridge from working.

Also, the Pro-CDX is NOT compatible with the 32X.

CD+Plus

   This cartridge looks like a regular Genesis cartridge and has better
success with compatibility than its predecessors.  When the Sega CD is
powered up with this cart in place, it's possible to run the Sega CD via
the options screen (select "CD-ROM").  The reset button does NOT open
the Sega CD tray (first model), you have to do that via the options
screen as well.

Version 3.0B of the CD+PLUS works with the 32X unit, but earlier
versions (2.8 for example) are incompatible.  The version number
is visible when the Genesis/Sega CD is powered up with the CD+PLUS cart,
look in the right-hand corner of the screen.

   Foreign CDs known to work successfully with CD+PLUS (version 2.8d):

       Japanese:
           Aisle Lord
           AlShark
           Annet Again (Annet Fukatabi)
           Burai
           Earnest Evans
           F-1 Circus CD
           Fhey Area
           Final Fight CD
           Funky Horror Band
           Heavenly Symphony
           Lunar
           Night Striker
           Prince of Persia
           Ranma 1/2 (Byakuranaika)
           Salesman
           Sega Classics Arcade Collection (4-in-1)
           Side Story of After Armageddon
           Silky Lip
           Silpheed
           Sol Feace
           Super League CD
           Tenkafubu
           Thunder Storm

       European:
           Demo CDs included with magazines such as Mega Power and Sega Pro

   Known NOT to work with CD+PLUS (Version 2.8d):

       Japanese:
           Black Hole Assault
           Cosmic Fantasy Stories
           Heavy Nova


   Known to work successfully with Pro CD-X Version 1.04:

       Japanese:
           Aisle Lord
           AlShark
           Annet Again (Annet Fukatabi)
           Burai
           Earnest Evans
           Fhey Area
           F-1 Circus CD
           Final Fight CD
           Lunar
           Night Striker
           Prince of Persia
           Salesman
           Sega Classics Arcade Collection (4-in-1)
           Side Story of After Armageddon
           Silky Lip
           Sol-Feace
           Super League CD
           Tenkafubu

       European:
           Demo CDs included with magazines such as Mega Power and Sega Pro

   Known NOT to work with Pro CD-X (version 1.04):

       Japanese:
           Black Hole Assault
           Funky Horror Band (F.H.B.)
           Heavenly Symphony
           Heavy Nova
           Ranma 1/2 (Byakuranaika)

A foreign CD is known not to work with a particular cart when the system
freezes completely during its loading.

Note:  The above compatibility lists were compiled from my personal
collection of Mega CDs.  Anyone with more info on which Mega CD titles
work with which cart, please E-mail me (BCantin@aol.com)... thanks
in advance.

Secondary security lockout bypass

   This is the option to using one of the above carts.  It is possible
   to build your own switch onto the back of the Sega CD.  It requires
   rewiring two transistors, indicating US or Japan (no idea how
   European Sega CDs would work with this).  No details are available in
   this FAQ.


VII.  Sega CD Backup RAM Cart

This is an ordinary-looking Genesis cart which allows you to copy
individual files to and from the Sega CD internal RAM.  It allows 16
times the storage of the Sega CD's internal RAM.  One nice advantage is
that many games (particularly the memory-hogging RPGs) will allow you to
play directly from the backup RAM cart.

The cart allows you to copy individual files or the entire directory to
it from the RAM, and allows individual files to be copied over (space
permitting) to the Sega CD Internal RAM.

It behaves very much like a floppy disk, in that it must be formatted
before use, then files can be copied to/from it.  Individual files can
also be deleted.  Known shelf life is probably on the order of several
years, maybe longer.

The RAM cart has capacity for 1 Mbit of data storage (which translates
to 2000 blocks), or sixteen times the storage capacity of the internal
Sega CD RAM (125 blocks).

It is also required to perform certain things, such as access the third
"hidden" battle stages in Shining Force CD.  Since each Shining Force CD
saved game takes up almost all the internal Sega CD RAM and you have to
have saved games from both parts 1 and 2, you must have at least one of
them stored on the RAM cart.  Also, some games such as "Shining Force
CD", "Third World War", and "Eye of the Beholder" take up all 125 blocks
with a save game, so if you want to save anything else (or have multiple
saves) the backup RAM cart is essential.

One note: the External RAM cart instructions do not mention how long the
cart will keep the files but more than likely will keep them
approximately 3-5 years, assuming that the player occasionally plugs it
into the Sega Genesis WITH the Sega CD attached to recharge it and keep
power at optimum levels.  Later versions of the FAQ will have an index
of the savegame filenames.  This way, you will know what those "mystery
files" are that have been there for a long time, that you were afraid to
delete...

The RAM cart retailed for $59.99.  VERY highly recommended for RPGs.

   Q:  Can I play Sega CD games while the RAM cart is inside the machine?
   A:  Yes, it's actually more convenient this way because you have
       the option of saving directly TO the cart if you wish.

   Q:  Can I use the RAM cart with foreign CDs?
   A:  No.  Since you need a translator cart such as Datel's
       Pro-CDX or CD+PLUS, the cart slot will already be occupied.
       However, you can still save to the Sega CD's internal RAM
       and later move the file(s) over to a RAM cart.


VIII.  Emulation

There is a program that will allow you to play Sega CDs on your PC.
It's called WinAGES and was written by Jeffrey Quinn.  At the moment
there is no version for the Macintosh, and I don't know of any plans
to port it over.

This emulator is still in development - as of this writing, he is on
version 0.23a which will run many Sega CD titles at nearly full speed.

The best starting point for this emulator and all associated files
is the Eidolon's Inn website:

http://www.eidolons-inn.de/sega/segacd_emu.html

PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE - DO NOT ASK ME TO SEND YOU THE GAMES!!!  I'm not
going to get nailed for copyright infringement, sorry.  I work for the
government and it wouldn't look good on my record.  %^/  I also don't
know where to find them.  They're cheap enough used (well, most of them
anyway), might was well buy the originals.

This is the only Sega CD emulator that I am currently aware of; as most
emulated consoles go, though, we may see others appear sooner or later.


IX.  Miscellaneous Frequently Asked Questions

Q:  Do you have (insert highly-sought-after title here) for sale?

    I do not have any of these for sale, unless I've got 'em up on
    eBay!  I can only recommend that people check eBay, Yahoo! auctions,
    or someone like Good Deal Games for older Sega CD titles.  But in
    general I do not sell them.  I'm just a collector.  %^)
    You can always still check the following newsgroups:

       rec.games.video.sega
       rec.games.video.marketplace (recommended)
       alt.sega.genesis

    Start the message with something like "WTB: Third World War for
    Sega CD" or something like that.  (WTB = "want to buy")  Yes, there
    ARE people who still read the newsgroups and avoid eBay...

    As far as where to buy one of the carts that allow you to play the
    import games, whoa boy -- GOOD LUCK THERE.  I haven't seen any for
    sale in so long...  Again, the above sources are a good starting
    point.  A general web search can also help.  I honestly don't know,
    and that's what I'll say if anyone writes to me asking about them.

Q:  I need help with (insert current fave title here)!  How do I get
    past (level, boss, obstruction)??  HELP!!

A:  Sorry.  I dunno.  I've played most of the games, but I'm not a good
    source of hints for any games in particular.  Best plan for you is
    to check out http://www.gamefaqs.com and see if they have any info
    on the game you're stuck in.  Also, try the newsgroups above (but
    not the marketplace newsgroup), someone else may be playing the same
    game at the same time... you never know!

Q:  Do any Sega CD titles use the "Mega Mouse"?

A:  Yes, they are:

       Dungeon Master II
       Eye of the Beholder
       Mansion of the Hidden Souls
       My Paint
       Panic!

       (and possibly some of the American Laser Games such as "Who Shot
       Johnny Rock?", "Mad Dog McCree", etc.)

    These titles are MUCH easier to use with the Mega Mouse instead of
    a standard joypad.

Q:  Is there a Game Genie for the Sega CD system?

A:  No.  There never was a "game enhancing" device for the Sega CD.
    Neither Galoob nor Datel ever brought one on the market.  At one
    point in time, approximately mid-1993 when the Sega CD was in its
    heyday, Galoob announced that they were working on a Game Genie for
    the Sega CD.  Based on comments from Galoob officials, the device
    would fit between the Genesis and the Sega CD.  However, due to
    market conditions (i.e. the system wasn't a booming success) and the
    inherent change invoked by Sega from the original Sega CD style to
    the newer Sega CD2 style made it not feasible for Galoob to develop
    such a device and thus it was shelved.  Reasons for this being, the
    change in system design by Sega made it harder for Galoob to make a
    "universal" style adapter that would work with both units (Sega CD 1
    and CD2) along with relatively few games and wavering public 
    support.  (Side note: on review of the design of the original and
    newer Genesis and Sega CD systems, it is theoretically possible to
    have made it work.  It might have looked a little weird, but it was
    possible.)

Q:  What is the advantage of a CD title over the equivalent cart title
    (Example: Pitfall)?

A:  The CD version usually has better music (and more of it) since it
    comes directly from the CD.  Ecco the Dolphin is a good example of
    this.  In some titles, as in the case with Pitfall CD and Earthworm
    Jim CD, extra levels are included.  Some titles also have FMV
    cinemas between levels.  Also, in some cases (such as Jurassic Park)
    it's an entirely different game.

Q:  Where can I find a list of cheats for Sega CD games?

A:  First, try the Sega Sages' page:

       http://www.segasages.com

    This site is a veritable encyclopedia of gaming info, spanning the
    entire range of videogaming history.  There's a great section in
    there on the Sega CD, too.

    Some individual game FAQs for the Sega CD can be found at

        http://www.gamefaqs.com

    Off the net, you can look for a book called "Sega CD Official Game
    Secrets", by Rusel DeMaria and Tom Stratton Jr.  (Prima Publishing,
    1994).  It's got EXCELLENT tips and walkthroughs on 27 Sega CD
    titles, including a few cheats here and there.  Very highly
    recommended for the library if you collect Sega CDs.

    There have also been some top-notch, wonderfully detailed books from
    Sandwich Islands Publishing on specific game titles.  Solution books
    were released for the following Sega CD titles:

         Dungeon Master II: Skullkeep (INCREDIBLE maps!!)
         Heimdall
         Lunar: The Silver Star
         Lunar 2: Eternal Blue
         Popful Mail
         Vay

    Also, some of the "Awesome Sega Genesis Secrets" series contain hints
    on various Sega CD titles.  (Sandwich Islands Publishing, P.O. Box 10669,
    Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii 96761; FAX (808) 661-2715)  One last interesting note
    about the above books - they contain interviews with the game's creators
    or publishers.  Incredibly thorough and must-haves for any fan of any of
    those titles.  VERY highly recommended (no, I don't work for those guys;
    I just love their books!).

    The magazine "Tips and Tricks" at one time kept a list of Sega CD cheats
    and Easter eggs, but it is rarely published any more.

Q:  Which magazines cover the Sega CD?

A:  Nowadays, nobody covers it.  But back in its heyday (1994-6) just about
    everyone did.  EGM, Gamepro, DHGF, etc. all had reviews, news, etc. for
    the Sega CD during that time.

Q:  Are there any other sources on the Internet for Sega CD information?

A:  The Usenet newsgroup rec.games.video.sega is a good place to look.
    Another newsgroup to check, although it's less busy, is
    alt.sega.genesis.  Generally, if you have a Sega CD-related
    question, post it there and someone will probably post an answer.
    Unfortunately, the Sega of America webpage:
       http://www.sega.com
    no longer carries information about the Sega CD system or its games.

Q:  What is "QSound"?

A:  From the Sonic CD manual: "QSound Virtual Audio is a revolutionary,
    multi-dimensional sound placement technology.  If your Sega CD is
    connected to stereo sound, you can submerge yourself in the magic of
    state-of-the-art QSound.  This amazing sound technology gives you
    180 degrees of audio in a greatly expanded sound field.  You'll be
    surrounded in waves of 3-D sound!"  Sega CD titles which utilize
    QSound include:

       Ecco the Dolphin
       Ecco: The Tides of Time
       Jurassic Park CD
       Sonic CD
       Spiderman vs. Kingpin

Q:  What are the RPGs available for the Sega CD?

A:  First, there's the Working Designs games:
       Lunar: The Silver Star (also released for Sony PSX)
       Lunar: Eternal Blue (also released for Sony PSX)
       Popful Mail (more of a platformer but lots of RPG-type elements
          to it)
       Vay

    There are a couple good ones from Sega:
       Dark Wizard (hex-grid battle-sim RPG)
       Shining Force CD (completely different stories from the cart-
          based games, and the stories here are VERY linear (ie no town
          exploration, just battle after battle)

    There are a few others, which are ports from computer games:
       Eye of the Beholder
       Dungeon Master II
       Heimdall (more like a puzzle game)
    And then the misc. RPG-like category
       Dungeon Explorer II  (a Gauntlet clone, it's based on the Dungeon
          Explorer games for the TurboGrafx-16/Duo/PC Engine, although
          it's different from those two titles)

NOTE: There are more available for the Mega-CD (Japanese) and generally
   require the player to read Japanese in order to play them.  See the
   List (Section V) above for specific titles.

Miscellaneous tidbits...

   * Majority of Sega CD/CD2 design based on JVC CD technology
   * All original Sega CD game CD-ROMs were pressed by JVC for Sega
   * Many games can be reset with the joypad by simultaneously pressing
     A,B,C, then 
   * Mega CD (Japanese) version of Sonic CD has different music than the
     US version and features a rap-based intro (!)
   * The most popular rental outlet of Sega CD units and games was
     Blockbuster Video.  They were discontinued from most stores 
     during 1995-1996.


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