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Amiga CD32 FAQ

     .-------------------------------------------------------.
     |  Amiga CD32 Frequently Asked Questions - Part 1 of 2  |
     |-------------------------------------------------------|
     | Maintained by Stuart Tomlinson            Version 3.5 |
     | Email: stuart@spasm.clues.com            5th May 1996 |
     `-------------------------------------------------------'

Due to Dan Cannon leaving his Demon Internet account, he has granted/suckered
me with the pleasure of maintaining this FAQ. A lot of the work in it
I owe to him.

Anyone still wishing to reach Dan can find him at his new Uni
address .

NOTE: My e-mail address is due to change some time during this month.
      Any CD32-FAQ modifications should be posted to stuart@spasm.clues.com
      for this month only. After this month my new address will be
      casper@gconnect.com.

[---- Subjects Covered -----------------------------------------------------]


      Part 1...
   Introduction
   Tech Spec
   Controllers
   Software
   Audio CDs
   CD+Gs/Karaoke CDs
   Photo CDs
   Video CDs
   Magazines
   Internet
   Jargon

      Part 2...
   Expansion
   Emulating a CD32
   Software Developers
   Pinouts
   Addresses


[---- Introduction ---------------------------------------------------------]


      This is the FAQ for comp.sys.amiga.cd32 and rec.games.video.cd32. It's
      posted on the first weekend of each month. A lot of it is based upon
      the earlier FAQ by Edward D. Berger  - thanks go
      to him for doing all the hard work. Another equally sized hand of thanks
      must go to Dan Cannon , who was the maintainer
      before I. Who has done the rest of this FAQ so far.

      It's split into two parts. The first part holds the contents and the
      more general stuff. The second part holds the more technical stuff.

      This document is freely distributable, but it's compilation copyright.
      No changes should be made to it and it can't be sold for profit or used
      as part of a commercial document without the author's permission. So
      there. If you're reading this on a CD-ROM collection then it could be
      out of date.

      Some sections have wiring diagrams or details of how to connect non-
      CD32 specific peripherals to your CD32. These are taken from postings
      from Usenet or Email and the only guarantee is that it worked for the
      authors. There is a very good chance you could fry both your CD32 and
      the peripheral by accident. If you're not knowledgable in electronics,
      have somebody who is double check everything before turning the power
      on or buy a ready made adaptor instead.

      As well as news postings, you can get copies of this FAQ though...

   E-Mail To: mail-server@rtfm.mit.edu
     Subject: Doesn't matter
      send usenet/news.answers/amiga/CD32-FAQ/part1
      send usenet/news.answers/amiga/CD32-FAQ/part2
      quit

   FTP   rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/usenet/news.answers/amiga/CD32-FAQ/part1
         rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/usenet/news.answers/amiga/CD32-FAQ/part2
   WWW   http://www.lut.fi/~veijalai/faq/CD32-FAQ.html
         http://uptown.turnpike.net/B/blender/cd32-faq.html


      More detailed CD32 pinouts are available...

   E-Mail To: ftpmail@doc.ic.ac.uk
     Subject: Doesn't matter
      open ftp.demon.co.uk
      get /pub/amiga/docs/cd32-pinouts.txt
      quit

   FTP   ftp://ftp.demon.co.uk/pub/amiga/docs/
   WWW   file://ftp.demon.co.uk/pub/amiga/docs/cd32-pinouts.txt


      And to get a copy of the CD+G list...

   E-Mail To: ftpmail@doc.ic.ac.uk
     Subject: Doesn't matter
      open ftp.demon.co.uk
      get /pub/doc/misc/cdplusg.txt
      quit

   FTP   ftp://ftp.demon.co.uk/pub/doc/misc/
   WWW   file://ftp.demon.co.uk/pub/doc/misc/cdplusg.txt

      For the Email methods of getting files, you can put 'help' in the body
      of the message (without the quotes) for more info about how to use that
      Email server (including how to split the message into parts for anyone
      who has an incoming Email limit).

      Thanks to these people who supplied answers (either by Email or, er,
      borrowed from the newsgroups). If you think I've left you out then put
      me right...

   Alan Buxey              
   Alan Redhouse           
   Alan Thomas             
   Alf Edvin Torgersen     
   Allan Duncan            
   Anders Stenkvist        
   Anon                    
   Bert Heise              
   Chris Naylor            
   Claude Mueller          
   Clive Thomas            
   Dan Cannon              
   David Avery             
   David Bump              
   David L.                
   David Law/Weird Science 
   David Mansell           
   Dominic Ramsey          
   Erik Austin             
   Frank Hoen/Eureka       
   Frederic Botton         
   Garry Cardinal          
   Gavin Moran             
   Geoff Adams             
   Gregor Rbel             
   Jan Willemsen           
   Jason Compton           
   Jason Quigley           
   Jens Kufver             
   Joel Corn/Darksoft      
   John Bump               
   John Layt               
   John Lewis              
   Johan Fabry             
   Jonas Petersson         
   Joop van de Wege        
   Jukka Kauppinen         
   Karl Frederick          
   Keith Blakemore-Noble   
   Kenwyn M. Smith         
   Kimmo Veijalainen       
   Klaus Hegemann          
   Maarten Ter Mors        
   Manjit Bedi             
   Martin Chantler         
   Matthew Hornyak         
   Michael Cox             
   Michael King            
   Michael Litchfield      
   Mick Tinker/Index       
   Nick Zajerko-McKee      
   Olaf Barthel            
   Olivier Cremel          
   Patrick Van Beem        
   Paul van der Heu        
   Peter Kittel            
   Phil Kernick            
   Philip McDunnough       
   Ralf Willinghoefer      
   Ralf Willinghfer        
   Ralph Bonnell           
   Robert Wells            
   Rob Healey              
   Ron                     
   Steve Cutting           
   Stuart Prevost          
   Thomas Kessler          
   Tony Philipsson         
   William Thompson        


[---- Key ------------------------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   A question.
 A:   An answer (there may be more than one answer per question).

 *    A change since the last version.
 +    An addition since the last version.
 -    An answer is missing or incomplete - this will (hopefully) be sorted
      out by the next version.

      To skip through questions, set your text viewer to search for the
      string 'Q:'. To skip through subjects, search for '[-'.


[---- Tech Spec ------------------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   What are the technical details of the CD32?

 A:   Internal...
   CPU         Motorola 68EC020 clocked at 14.32Mhz.
            32 bit data path. 24 bit address space
            (limited to additional 8M of 'fast' RAM due
            to CD32 system design).
   FPU         None.
   MMU         None.
   ROM         1M (8 megabits) of operating system.
   RAM         2M (16 megabits) of 'chip' RAM.
            1K of 'flash' RAM.
   CD drive    Multi-session, double speed, top loading,
            caddy-less design. Max transfer about 330K/s.
            Custom controller based (not IDE or SCSI).
   Operating system  Kickstart/AmigaDOS version 40.6, release 3.1.
            Customisations for CD32 specifics.
   Custom chipset    AGA custom chipset from 4 chips.
            Chips are called Akiko, Alice, Lisa, Paula.
            See the  Jargon list for what they do.

      External...
   Aux port    1 x 6 pin mini-din type.
            Combined serial/keyboard connector.
   Controller ports  2 x 9 pin D type.
            Accepts CD32 joypads, Amiga mice, joysticks,
            Megadrive joypads, Master System joypads.
   Video outputs     Composite, S-Video, RF (for televisions).
            French CD32s have a combined SCART & S-Video
            port in place of the S-Video port.
   Audio outputs     2 x RCA standard fixed output level.
            1 x mini stereo headphone jack adjustable
            output level.
   Expansion port    1 x microchannel.
            For FMV cartridge or other system expansions.

      Add-ons...
   CD32 joypad    Custom 11 button wire based, 9 pin D style.
            1 supplied, additional joypads can be
            purchased separately.
   CD32x & SX-1      Adds enough connectors and ports to make it
            possible to use your CD32 as a computer.
   FMV cartridge     Play CD-i Digital Video or Video CDs.
   Keyboard    Most Amiga keyboards can be plugged into a
            CD32.
   Mouse       All Amiga mice can be plugged into the CD32.
            Some games will be easier to control.
   Serial link    Connected to the Aux port, allows you to use
            the CD32 as an external CD-ROM drive for
            other computers.


[---- Controllers ----------------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   What's the Competition Pro CD32 joypad like?

 A:   It's completely compatible with the C= CD32 joypad.

      Some good things said about it are that it's shaped like a Megadrive
      joypad, the diagonals are easier to get to, it feels less delicate, it
      has turbo and auto fires, and it has a slow motion button.

      Some bad things said about it are that it's shaped like a Megadrive
      joypad and the diagonals are more difficult to get to.

      Obviously a bit subjective.


 Q:   Is it possible to plug other types of controller into the controller
      port?

 A:   Yes, but you'll lose access to most CD32 joypad buttons.

      CD32  Megadrive   Master System  Joystick Amiga mouse
      --------- --------------- --------------- --------------- -------------
      Select   B     A     Fire     Left button
      Stop  C     B     (Second fire)  Right button
      Play              (Third fire)   Middle button
      Shuffle
      Loop
      Rewind
      Forward


 Q:   Is it possible to connect a 6-button Megadrive or SNES joypad to the
      CD32?

 A:   As far as I know, it can't be done unless you're good with a soldering
      iron, but if anyone has managed to do this then I'll stick the details
      in here.


 Q:   Is it possible to use the CD32 joypad on normal Amigas?

 A:   It works fine. Some newer Amiga games are even taking advantage of the
      extra buttons (shuffle, loop, etc...). Many older Amiga games that use
      the keyboard for weapon select will use the stop button instead (eg.
      Project-X, Apydia, Turrican 2).


 Q:   Is it possible to both connect both a joypad and a mouse and use them
      together?

 A:   The joypad should be plugged into controller port 1 and the mouse
      should be plugged into controller port 2.


 Q:   Is it possible to connect more than two controllers?

 A:   There are rumours of being able to daisy-chain 8 or even 16 CD32
      joypads together, but nothing's been seen.

      What will work is if you connect some kind of interface that gives you
      a parallel port (eg. SX-1) and plug in an Amiga four-player adaptor in
      there.

      The good point is that you can play the Amiga version of Dynablaster,
      if you have a floppy drive.

      The bad points are that it's a bit expensive and CD32 joypads won't
      work when plugged into the four player adaptor (but they still work if
      you plug them into the side controller ports).


[---- Software -------------------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   What CDs will work with the CD32?

 A:   CD32 ones (um), many CDTV ones, music CDs, Karaoke CDs, CD+Gs (like a
      music CD but it has pictures or lyrics displayed in time with the
      music), Photo CDs (if you load up a photo CD reader first), and Video
      CDs (if you have the FMV cartridge plugged in).

      Also it can read CDs meant for other computers such as the PC and the
      Mac, but it's up to you to tell it how to make sense of the files on
      the CD (maybe by using something like datatypes). You won't be able to
      play games for other computers though.


 Q:   How can I try to convince a game to work in PAL or NTSC?

 A:   Connect an Amiga mouse into controller port 2, hold down both mouse
      buttons, and press the reset button. You'll be given a boot menu where
      you'll be able to choose either PAL or NTSC. If you have a keyboard
      then you can press any key to switch the boot menu between PAL and
      NTSC so you can see what you're doing.

      This is useful for NTSC CD32 owners who want to run games that use the
      PAL area of the screen.

      Multisystem TVs connected to any video output on or 1084s connected to
      the S-Video output will work.

      TVs/monitors connected to the CD32 through the French CD32's or SX-1's
      or CD32x's or TP9's (see diagram at end of FAQ) RGB connector will also
      work fine.

      TVs/monitors connected to the CD32 through the composite or S-Video
      outputs won't work though. The problem is that the PAL colour signal is
      still sent at the NTSC frequency.


 Q:   Are there any games with NTSC problems?

 A:   Lock 'n' Load - most of the games (about 80%) are PAL only.

      Nick Faldo's Golf doesn't let you see the bottom of the screen, so you
      can't even take shots properly because the meters are covered up.

      Video Creator has the bottom of the screen missing. Also the animations
      become slowly out of sync with the music because of the difference in
      speed between NTSC/PAL machines. Almathera MAY work on an NTSC version
      of Video Creator - Email them at the address at the end of the FAQ to
      convince them.


 Q:   Are there any games definitely without NTSC problems?

 A:   Here's a list...
   Alien Breed Tower Assult   Battle Chess
   Banshee           Bubba 'n' Stix
   Bubble 'n' Squeak    Chaos Engine (NTSC)
   Defender of the Crown 2    Fire and Ice
   Global Effect        Guardian
   Gunship 2000         Insight Technology
   Labyrinth of Time    Litil Divil
   Lotus Trilogy        Microcosm
   Pinball F./Sleepwalker (NTSC) Super Stardust
   Ultimate Body Blows     Winter Olympics
   Zool


 Q:   What CD32 bundles are available?

 A:   Original...
   Diggers           Oscar

      Dangerous Streets...
   Dangerous Streets    Diggers
   Oscar          Wing Commander

      Spectacular Voyage...
   Chaos Engine         Microcosm
   (Early versions also had the games from Dangerous Streets included.)

      Critical Zone...
   Cannon Fodder        Diggers
   Liberation        Microcosm
   Oscar          Project-X
   Ultimate Body Blows


 Q:   What multimedia software is available for the CD32?

 A:   CD32 specific...
   Grolier's Encyclopedia II
   Guinness Book of Records II
   Insight: Technology (released for CD32, CDTV compatible)
   Video Creator
   Video Creator Update 1 (Amiga CD32 issue 2)
   Video Creator Extras (AUI December 1994 - on floppy)

      Various CDTV titles...
   Advanced Military Simulator   American Heritage Dictionary
   Animals in Motion    Connoisseur of Fine Arts
   New Basics Electronic Cookbook   Stamps of France and Monaco
   Timetable of Business, Politics  Timetable of Science, Innovation

      Various CDTV titles that require a mouse...
   Dr Wellman        Fruits and Vegetables
   Garden Plants        Guinness Disc of Records
   Illustrated Holy Bible     Illustrated Works of Shakespeare
   Indoor Plants        Musicolor
   Trees and Shrubs     Women in Motion

      Various CDTV titles that require a keyboard and disk drive...
   Inter Office


 Q:   What educational software is available for CD32?

 A:   CD32 specific...
   MicroFrench CD32
   (Contains video sequences, but you don't have to own a FMV cartridge
   to view them. More languages are planned.)

      Various CDTV titles...
   A Long Hard Day at the Ranch  Cinderella
   Fun School 3 (under 5's)   Fun School 3 (5 to 7)
   Fun School 3 (over 7's)    Heather Hits a Home Run
   Moving Gives me a Stomach Ache   Mud Puddle
   North Polar Expedition     Scary Poems for Rotten Kids
   Tale of Benjamin Bunny     Tale of Peter Rabbit
   Thomas' Snowsuit

      Various CDTV titles that require a mouse...
   A Bun for Barney     Barney Bear Goes Camping
   Barney Bear Goes to School LTV English
   My Paint       Paperbag Princess

      Various CDTV titles that require a keyboard...
   Asterix English for French 1  Asterix English for French 2
   Asterix French for English 1  Asterix French for English 2


[---- Audio CDs ------------------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   Is it possible to directly read the audio data from music CDs into
      memory?

 A:   Nobody's managed to do this. The next best thing is to buy an SX-1,
      plug a sampler into the parallel port, start a CD playing with one of
      the CD players from aminet:/disk/cdrom, then sample directly to hard
      drive.


[---- CD+Gs/Karaoke CDs ----------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   Where do I get CD+Gs from?

 A:   CD+G discs used to have a little sticker on the case, but the companies
      stopped this on the grounds that it confused the general public... The
      only places you'll probably find them now are in bargain bins or the
      odd mail order music store.

      You can download a list of CD+Gs released from the place mentioned at
      the start of the FAQ, so you at least know what you're looking for. If
      you find a CD+G not on the list you can also send an addition (have a
      look on the list for how to do this).


 Q:   Can I use Karaoke CDs?

 A:   Yep. They're the same thing. If you work or you know anybody working in
      a pub then you could get hold of the CDs for their Karaoke machine.


 Q:   How do I play CD+Gs/Karaoke CDs?

 A:   If you have a CD+G disc, you'll be able to tell immediately - the music
      player will disappear and the graphics will appear as soon as you press
      play.

      Use the up and down directions to change language and select to return
      to the music player. The rest of the controls work as normal. Once
      you're back at the player, a "CD+G" button will appear in the bottom
      left corner - hit select on that to return to the graphics.


 Q:   How do CD+Gs/Karaoke CDs work?

 A:   They fill up the spare 25M that is empty on a regular music CD with the
      graphics. They're limited to 16 colours low-resolution so that they
      stand a greater chance of working on a lot of different systems.


[---- Photo CDs ------------------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   Is it possible to display Photo CDs without expanding to a computer?

 A:   Yep, use one of these CDs before the Photo CD...
   Network CD        Weird Science
   Photolite         Eureka

 A:   Olaf Barthel wrote:

      In Winter 1994 I wrote a commercial program for this purpose. It can
      read both plain Photo CDs (such as the golden Photo CD Master discs)
      and interactive Photo CD portfolio discs. The program uses technology
      licensed from the Eastman Kodak Corporation. It is called "FolioworX
      Player" and retails for about DM 100,-. Blittersoft is the official
      distributor in the UK.

 A:   This is a quick description made after reading Asimware's info sheet
      (it's probably better to read the full thing for yourself if you're
      interested before making up your mind):

      Asimware's Photo CD Manager costs US $39.95/CDN $47.95 and works on the
      CD32 and any Amiga with Kickstart 2 or above. It displays thumb nail
      images in groups of 10 on a sort of tape deck display. From this you
      can choose one or as many pictures as you want and view them as a
      slide show in any order. If you've got a CD32 or an AGA Amiga it
      displays them in 262144 colours, otherwise 4096.


[---- Video CDs ------------------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   What does the FMV cartridge do?

 A:   If you plug in the FMV cartridge, you can play Video CDs in almost the
      same way as you play music CDs. It's really a 24 bit display card that
      can be genlocked with normal CD32 graphics, so you can superimpose your
      own images over it (this is a feature of Video Creator, apparently).


 Q:   Where do I get Video CDs from?

 A:   Any decent computer/music/video shop.


 Q:   Can I use CD-i Digital Video CDs?

 A:   Yep. Some don't quite follow the standard though, so if you get rubbish
      on certain ones you can upgrade your FMV cartridge's ROM to the latest
      version (40.30) which can cope with the non-standard CDs. The dealer
      that you bought the FMV cartridge from should be able to do this for
      you at a cost of about 5UKP.


 Q:   What are the differences between Video CDs and CD-i Digital Video CDs?

 A:   You won't get the bookmarks that you find on the CD-i. That's because
      the bookmarks are really a CD-i program. Instead you can search through
      the disc using the normal music player controls.


[---- Magazines ------------------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   Are there any Amiga/CD32 magazines with CD-ROMs?

 A:   In the UK (check your usual sources of foreign Amiga mags elsewhere)...

      Amiga CD! (included with Amiga User International)...
   Monthly. Some sections of issue 3 are CDTV and A570 compatible. Issue
   3 was the last issue. They're still waiting for the Commodore issue
   to sort itself out, so maybe it'll start up again now that it has.

      Amiga CD32 magazine...
   Not regular. Issues 1 and 2 are available through Amiga Format's back
   issues page. Issue 3 was planned to be out on December 1st. It hasn't
   been seen yet.

      Amiga Power CD32 version...
   Not regular. Issue 49 has a CD32 version with some demos, a load of
   PD games, and a load of reviews of the all time top 100 games. It
   sounds like there could be more CD32 versions some time soon(ish).

      Amiga Shooper...
   One off. Has a CD on the front with a load of graphics, fonts, sound
   samples, music, etc... You really need a CD32x or SX-1 to do
   anything useful with this.

      CD Gold...
   One off. A CD-ROM based magazine for CD32, CDTV, A570, and any CD
   Amiga. There was only one issue published, the pilot issue.

      CD32 Gamer.
   Monthly. There are two versions - the normal one and one which costs
   5UKP more and has a full game attached to the front of the mag.


 Q:   Are there any other magazines for the CD32?

 A:   Amiga Pro/32 is now Amiga Pro. No more CD32 specific section. Most
      other Amiga mags have a small 1 or 2 page CD32 specific section each
      month.


[---- Internet -------------------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   What Usenet newsgroups are dedicated to CD32 discussion?

 A:   Two...
   comp.sys.amiga.cd32  Using the CD32 as a slave drive.
            Add-ons for the CD32 (eg. FMV addition).
            Technical talk about the CD32.
            Serious issues for the CD32.
   rec.games.video.cd32 Games on the CD32.
            People's opinions about games.
            Hints and tips for games.
            Rumours and lists of new/future games.

      If your site doesn't carry the groups, ask your system admin.


 Q:   What on-line mags are available?

 A:   Three...
   Amiga Report   aminet:/docs/mags/ar*.lha
   CD32 Bits   aminet:/docs/mags/cd32bits*.lha
   CD32 View   aminet:/docs/mags/cdvw*.lha


 Q:   Are there any CD32 pages on WWW?

 A:   Yep. It's run by Kimmo Veijalainen and you can Email him articles,
      reviews, hints and tips, digitised pictures of games, and so on to fill
      it up. Kimmo's Email address is Kimmo.Veijalainen@lut.fi. The home page
      is at http://www.lut.fi/~veijalai/cd32.html.

 A:   There is also the Archos Overdrive home page. It contains brief
      descriptions of games, lists of games that work and don't, tips on
      getting stubborn games to work, and so on. It's run by Michael Cox,
      and his Email address is mcox@access.digex.net. The home page is at
      http://access.digex.net/~mcox/zappohome.html.

 A:   And there's Grendel's Games lists which holds more Archos Overdrive
      info. From Jukka Kauppinen. Jukka's Email address is
      Grendel@Freenet.hut.fi.

 A:   Martin Chantler wrote:

      I have just seen your latest CD FAQ and thought I will let you know
      that I have a homepage with lots of CD and Zappo information on it.
      The area also covers a lot of normal CDs etc.

      URL: http://www.pncl.co.uk/~martinc/main.html.


[---- Jargon ---------------------------------------------------------------]


      AFAIK
   As Far As I Know. The CD32 expansion connector pinout is only
   available to registered CD32 developers, AFAIK.

      AGA
   Advanced Graphics Architecture. The name given to the latest custom
   chipset for Amigas, which allows 8 bit (256) and HAM8 (262144) colour
   graphics from a palette of 16.7 million. The CD32 uses AGA chipset as
   do the Amiga 1200 and 4000 computers.

      Akiko
   This chip handles the data coming from the CD drive and includes the
   functions of the CIA chips in other Amigas.

   It's also more famous for chunky to planar conversion. Chunky and
   planar are two different methods of storing the screen in memory.
   Chunky is often used for 3D games. Planar is useful for scrolling
   games, and it's the method used by the CD32. This chip quickly
   converts from one t' other, helping developers to port code across
   from other platforms that use chunky.

      Alice
   The replacement for Agnus in older Amigas. Contains the Blitter and
   Copper, amongst other things.

      AmigaDOS
   The part of the CD32's operating system that's on CD-ROM (or floppy
   or hard drive). Developers must obtain a license to distribute even a
   small part of AmigaDOS on their CD-ROMs - it's copyrighted.

      Audio CD
   Your normal CD that holds music. Given a different name for computers
   because there's   so many different types of CD about. The CD32 can
   play these.

      Blitter
   BLock Image TransfER. Special part of the graphics chip hardware
   which speeds up many operations, by moving blocks of chip RAM around
   with DMA, while performing logical operations on them. Lines and area
   fills are among the most popular uses for the Blitter.

      Boot
   Putting the CD-ROM in the drive and automatically launching a program
   without having to go through the operating system (eg. Workbench,
   MS-DOS, Finder, etc...) and all the messing around with keyboards and
   mice that it entails.

   CDs will only boot for the computer that they were written for, even
   though the files on the CD are readable   on all CD-ROM machines
   (ISO-9660).

   If you intend to use the CD32 as a CD-ROM for other computers and you
   don't have other storage devices (such as floppy or hard drives)
   available, you must find CD-ROMs that boot up and load communications
   software (such as Parnet, Sernet, or Twin Express).

      Bootblock
   A small piece of copyrighted code that must be on a CD-ROM in order
   for it to boot. Developers must have a licence to use the bootblock.

      C-Cube
   This is supplied in the FMV cartridge. It decompresses the MPEG-1
   picture from the Video CD and puts it on the screen. It's also found
   in the CD-i's FMV cartridge.

      CD+G
   Compact Disc + Graphics. A standard music CD with the addition of
   graphic pictures that can be viewed with an appropriate player. CDTV
   and CD32 both play CD+G discs. CD+G discs were never plentiful, and
   may not even be produced any more.

      CD-i
   Compact Disc - interactive. System for multimedia developed by
   Philips; made available to the public shortly after CDTV was. Not
   expandable to a popular computer platform such as CD32 is expandable
   to an Amiga. CD-i software titles cannot be played on a CD32 and
   vice-versa.

   There is a new cut-down version of the CD-i (smaller box, less
   connectors) that looks remarkably similar to the CD32...

      CD-i Digital Video CD
   A Video CD for the CD-i. The difference is that the they also have
   bookmarks of interesting parts of the film on them. These can also be
   played on the CD32 with FMV cartridge, but the bookmarks are missing.

      CISC
   Complex Instruction Set Chip. Contains lots of nice instructions,
   but it ain't so good in the speed department.

      CD+MIDI
   Similar to a standard music CD, but it also holds information for
   driving MIDI instruments.

      CD-ROM
   Compact Disc - Read Only Memory. A 5 inch polycarbonate disk with
   aluminium coating, laser etched with holes for storing computer data.
   ISO-9660 CD-ROMs can also hold music tracks that can be played with a
   normal music CD player as well.

      CDTV
   Commodore Dynamic Total Vision. The previous CD based machine by C=.
   It wasn't exactly a storming success, mainly due to poor marketing.
   Many CDTV discs will work on the CD32, but some need a mouse and
   others need a keyboard.

   Microcosm was originally a CDTV project. C= gave Psygnosis some
   financial backing to develop it, but the CDTV version never saw the
   light of day, except for some promotional demos.

      CDXL
   C='s attempt at getting motion video on the CDTV before low cost MPEG
   decoder chips became available. The CD32's version of CDXL can cope
   with more colours and cover more of the screen.

   CDXLs can be about two-thirds of the size of the screen (although
   they can be scaled up slightly to fill more, but the side effect is
   that they look blocky) and they can also hold mono or stereo sound.

      Chip RAM
   Random Access Memory available to both the CPU and Amiga custom
   chipset inside the CD32 (and all previous Amigas). The CD32 ships
   with the maximum amount of chip RAM that the AGA chipset can handle
   - 2M.

      Copper
   CO-ProcEssoR. All Amigas feature a special co-processor as part of
   their custom chipset, which allows some graphic chip functions such
   as colour palette manipulation to happen asynchronously to other
   tasks, freeing the CPU for other work.

      CPU
   Central Processor Unit. The brains for managing data and its
   manipulation inside a computer. Amigas, CDTV, and CD32 have all used
   the Motorola 68000 series of CPUs.

      Datatype
   Allows the OS to support any graphic, sound, text, or animation
   format, once the datatype information is copied to the proper folder
   on the Workbench disk or hard drive. Programs can ask the OS to load
   the file for them without knowing anything about the file format
   themselves.

   This can come in very useful if you want to read ISO-9660 CDs
   generated on other computers (once you've upgraded your CD32 to a
   computer, of course).

      DMA
   Direct Memory Access. Allows other chips apart from the CPU to access
   the RAM, at the same time as the CPU. This frees up the CPU for doing
   other work, whilst the Blitter is copying memory for example.

      Fast RAM
   Random Access Memory available to the Amiga's CPU, but not the custom
   chipset, thus faster for compute intensive tasks as no time sharing
   between the custom chipset and CPU is involved. Adding fast RAM
   should almost double the speed of the CD32 for non-graphics intensive
   work.

   The CD32 ships with no fast RAM, but third party expansion boxes may
   allow for up to 8M of fast RAM expansion if you do not have the FMV
   cartridge, or 4M if used with the FMV cartridge.

      Flash RAM
   RAM which can have data stored such that it survives being powered
   down. CD32 uses flash RAM to allow saving high-scores or game
   position information for the next time you play. Also known as NVRAM
   (Non Volatile).

      FMV
   Full Motion Video - just what it says. Full screen moving pictures.

   Often mis-used by journalists to mean any picture, including those
   that have 10 colours and are around the size of a postage-stamp,
   that's spooled from the CD-ROM.

      FMV Upgrade
   A plug in cartridge that gives the CD32 capability to play MPEG-1
   encoded CDs such as CD-i Digital Video (Star Trek VI, Top Gun) or
   Video CDs.

      GIF
   Graphic Interchange Format. GIF compression is a standard for storing
   still pictures with 8 bit colour (256 colours on screen at once) and
   no loss in picture quality.

      HAM6 or HAM
   An earlier version of HAM8, found on A500s, A2000s, and A3000s, that
   remains for compatibility. This allows up to 4096 colours on screen
   at once.

      HAM8
   Hold And Modify - 8 bit. An Amiga screen mode which can have up to
   262144 colours on screen at once by changing some colour registers on
   each succeeding pixel on a given scanline. This is most useful for
   static pictures or predefined animation sequences, as it is difficult
   to constantly compute the best pixel colours in constantly changing
   action games.

   HAM8 is often used to display JPEG format pictures or predefined
   animations (CDXLs) with better than 8 bit colour (256 colours), often
   up to near 18 bit (262144 colours) quality.

      IFF
   Interchangable File Format. Developed by Electronic Arts and put into
   the public domain. Any IFF file can be read in by any program that
   understands the IFF format (if it's suitable - there's no point in
   a graphics package loading in an IFF sound file, for example).

   Took off on the Amiga in a big way, so much so that any program that
   doesn't understand IFF is guaranteed not to sell. Didn't do so well
   on the PC for some reason (perhaps it was too good an idea...).

      IMHO
   In my humble opinion. The CD32 is the best inexpensive multimedia
   delivery platform, IMHO.

      ISO-9660
   The different computer manufacturers got their act together and
   agreed on a standard format for CD-ROMs, unlike the mess that we're
   still left with today for floppy disks.

   You can read any CD32, CDTV, Mac, or PC CD-ROM in any of the others.
   Although the files are readable, the file formats are still different
   for each computer (unless it's the CD32/CDTV), but if you have some
   conversion programs or datatypes you can display the graphics, play
   the sounds, or show the text from the CD-ROM.

   ISO-9660 CDs are also cunningly compatible with Audio CDs, so you can
   play tracks 2 onwards (track 1 is computer data) in a hi-fi, and
   computers can mix the music from the Audio CDs with the sound output.

      JPEG
   Joint Photographic Expert Group - JPEG compression is a standard for
   storing still pictures with 24 bit colour (16.7 million colours on-
   screen at once).

      Kickstart
   The part of the CD32's operating system that's in ROM.

   It contains all the code needed to access the CD-ROM and multitask,
   as well as other things that will never see the light of day unless
   you add a keyboard and some kind of storage (floppy or hard drive).

      Lisa
   Handles the screen display. There's a palette of 16.7 million colours
   - each colour made of one of 256 shades of red, green, and blue. From
   that any power of 2, up to 256, or 4096 (HAM6), or 262144 (HAM8)
   colours can be displayed. The resolution can be most combinations of
   320, 640, or 1024 across and 256, 512, or 1024 down (although there
   are other modes available).

      MPEG
   Motion Picture Expert Group - they've decided the format of MPEG-1
   and MPEG-2 compression.

   MPEG-1 is the accepted standard for video compression on CDs... It
   uses a variety of techniques to  achieve staggering compression ratios
   while still maintaining good picture quality. Other parts of the MPEG
   standard include synchronized digital audio to make the format useful
   for movies on CD-ROM.

   MPEG-2 isn't used on CDs but it looks even better.

      NTSC
   The television standard used in America.

   NTSC screens cannot be as deep PAL screens. This can lead to problems
   when some software written in PAL countries is run on a CD32 using a
   NTSC screen. The software may use the bottom section of the screen
   that NTSC owners cannot see.

   This is entirely the fault of software companies, there are enough
   ROM routines in the CD32 to tell the program what TV standard it is
   running under and the program should make allowances.

      PAL
   The television standard used in most of Europe and Australia.

      Parnet/Sernet
   Freely distributable networking solutions for Amigas. Uses the
   parallel ports (Parnet) or serial ports (Sernet) to allow one to
   mount drives on multiple machines. In this way the CD32 can access
   the keyboard and hard drives of another Amiga, and the Amiga can
   access the CD32's CD drive.

   CDTV was often used as an external CD drive for Amiga computers via
   Parnet.

   A version of Parnet is now available for PC computers, allowing you
   to link from CD32 to PC.

      ParNFS
   An Amiga only update to Parnet. This new version is faster and has
   some bug fixes.

      Paula
   Gives you four channel stereo sound. Each channel can have 64 volume
   levels and can play either waveforms or sound samples at almost any
   pitch or octave from RAM. This chip is used to create sound effects,
   or play music from memory often when the CD-ROM is tied up for some
   reason (a CD-ROM cannot be used to load game code AND play CD music
   at the same time).

      Photo CD
   Transfering pictures taken from a camera onto CD. These can be read
   by the CD32 if you can find a CD-ROM with a photo CD reader on it,
   use it as a slave drive, or expand it to a computer and download the
   proper (freely distributable) software.

   The Communicator is bundled with a Photo CD reader called Photolite -
   this is available seperately too. Also Weird Science's Network CD has
   a Photo CD reader on it.

      RAD
   RecoverAble RAM Drive. An area of RAM that doesn't lose its data when
   reset. Any area of RAM can be used as RAD. Games can use it to save
   data in, so it's possible to play a game of Liberation, save your
   place in RAD, reset, play another game, then return to Liberation
   later. Some games don't like RAD being there though.

      RAM
   Random Access Memory. Specialized computer chips that can store
   information for as long as they powered on or the CD32 isn't reset.
   RAM chips and be read and written to by the CPU or the AGA chipset.

      RISC
   Reduced Instruction Set Chip. A CPU that contains only a limited set
   of instructions. The idea is that each instruction is so simple that
   it doesn't take long to execute and any of the more complicated ones
   that are missing can be built up out of the simple ones.

      ROM
   Read Only Memory. Specialized computer chips that store data and
   instructions for computer operation and cannot be erased or written
   over.

      Shovelware
   Taking an Amiga game, putting it on CD-ROM with no improvements
   whatsoever, and usually charging more than the original disk version.

      Slave drive
   Connecting the CD32 via serial or parallel link to another computer
   and using networking software such as Parnet, Sernet, or Twin Express
   so that the other computer can read the CD-ROM in the CD32.

      Spool
   Quickly taking data from the CD-ROM and shoving it on the screen or
   sending it to the audio output, or both. Eg. CDXLs or the Microcosm
   tunnels.

      3DO
   Three Dimensional Objects (I think). Another CD-ROM based multimedia/
   games system developed by Electronic Arts and former Amiga people.
   This also is not expandable to a regular computer system. Slightly
   more expensive for the both hardware and software than the CD32. It
   has more limited screen resolutions. Only just released in Europe.

      Twin Express
   A program to transfer files from one computer to another through a
   serial link. The front end works similar to FTP. There are versions
   of Twin Express for the PC and Amiga.

      Video CD
   If you have a FMV cartridge you can play these. There were 100 films
   available in August '94, much more now.

 

From: Stuart Tomlinson 
Newsgroups: comp.sys.amiga.cd32, rec.games.video.cd32
Subject: Amiga CD32 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) - Part 2 of 2
Date: Sun, 5 May 96 14:19:38 GMT
Message-ID: 
Reply-To: Stu - CD32-FAQ Mailbox 
Summary: Frequently Asked Questions about the Amiga CD32 - includes how to
         expand the CD32 to a computer and how to use the CD32 as an external
         CD-ROM drive for other computers.
Keywords: commodore,cbm,c=,amiga,cd32,cd-rom,cdrom,computer,console
Precedence: bulk
X-Posting-Software: Dan's Amazing FAQ Transporter - DAFT 1.1 (04-Jun-95)

Archive-Name: amiga/CD32-FAQ/part2
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: $VER: CD32-FAQ 3.5 (05-May-96)
URL: http://www.lut.fi/~veijalai/faq/CD32-FAQ.html
URL: http://uptown.turnpike.net/B/blender/cd32-faq.html


	  .-------------------------------------------------------.
	  |  Amiga CD32 Frequently Asked Questions - Part 2 of 2  |
	  |-------------------------------------------------------|
	  | Maintained by Stuart Tomlinson            Version 3.5 |
	  | Email: stuart@spasm.clues.com            5th May 1996 |
	  `-------------------------------------------------------'


[---- Expansion ------------------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   Is it possible to use the Aminet, Fred Fish, etc... CDs without an
      expanded CD32?

 A:   Yes, Maarten Ter Mors has written a step by step guide of how to do
      this. It's available from aminet:/docs/misc/Aminet4_CD32.txt. There can
      be problems booting from some CDs if you use an unexpanded CD32 though.
      Maarten wrote:

      There was a little something I missed in the CD32 FAQ. Because of (yet
      another) strange oddity in the Commodore 3.1 CDFileSystem, you can only
      use CD-ROMs with a *lower* or equal ISO revision than the disc you
      booted from (this is irrelevant to SX-1 users, for they are likely to
      boot from harddrive or floppy).

      The Aminet 4 CD and the GoldFish CD-ROM set by Fred Fish are two
      examples of discs that use a higher revision than, say, the Weird
      Science Network CD. This means that you can't access the discs properly
      or at all. The solution is booting from a RAD: recoverable RAM disk. I
      was asked by Urban Mueller (who does a lot of the good work on the
      Aminet CDs) to write a step-by-step guide to set one up.

 A:   Joop van de Wege has another answer (Aminet 5 & Communicator)...

      I haven't read the notice yet but I found out for myself how to do it
      and its not a hassle. I'm just too lazy to write a small script file
      to copy the 2 files and execute the mount command.

      Step 1: copy your mountlist entry CR0: to snet:ram
      Step 2: copy L:amicdromfilesystem to snet:ram
      Step 3: mount cr0: on the cd32 side
      Step 4 and last one: start copying files from cr0: to whereever you
      want them, run programs, read guide files, search for ......

 A:   And another from David Law of Weird Science (Aminet & Network CD)...

      We have found that CBM's filesystem in general does not cope too well
      with the Aminet CDs. This may be due as you say to ISO revision
      numbers. The easiest fix is to remount the CD drive as CD1: with
      AmiCDRom filesystem and access the Aminet CD's as `CD1:` or
      `Network:CD1/` with Sernet. When trying this be sure to set the 'T'
      flag in the line 'Startup' of the mountlist. This will ensure that the
      trackdisk device is used to access the CD drive. AmiCDRom filesystem
      for some reason thinks that the CD drive is a SCSI device otherwise and
      will probably crash the machine.

      The best way to do this is setup a drawer on your amiga with the
      following files in. [Call it RAM:CD1 for the mount list below - Dan.]

	CD1               AmiCDRom Mountlist file.
	CD1.info          An icon for the above.
	cdrom-handler     The filesystem handler.
	Mount             WB3.1 Mount command.

      Just ensure that the mountlist points to 'Ram:cdrom-handler' and not
      'L:cdrom.handler' and that the icon points to 'Ram:Mount' as the mount
      command on the NetworkCD is WB1.3 and is not suitable.

      The Mountlist file is...

	/* AmiCDROM filesystem */

	Handler = Ram:CD1/cdrom-handler
	Stacksize = 10000
	Priority = 10
	GlobVec  = -1
	Mount = 1
	Startup	= "DEVICE=cd.device UNIT=0 ML T R"

      The version of Mount should be 38 or above (use 'Version Mount' to
      check).


 Q:   How do I stop my CD32 resetting when I take the CD-ROM out?

 A:   If you boot from CD-ROM, the CD32 resets when the lid is opened. You
      can either run a program such as NoReset that disables this or boot
      from another device, such as RAD, floppy, or hard drive.


 Q:   How do I use my CD32 as a CD drive or slave drive for another computer?

 A:   Connect a serial link (buy a ready-made link or make your own - see the
      diagram for the Aux port) between the CD32's Aux port and the other
      computer. Then run either Sernet or Twin Express on the other computer
      and the CD32. You'll have to find a bootable CD-ROM with one of these
      programs on it and you may need to run NoReset unless Sernet and Twin
      Express are on the same CD as the files you want to transfer.

 A:   If you have an interface attached that gives you a parallel port, you
      can connect a parallel link between the CD32 and the other computer,
      remembering to use a special Parnet cable and not a normal parallel
      cable (otherwise you could easily fry everything). Run Parnet on the
      other computer and the CD32. You'll have to find a bootable CD-ROM
      with Parnet on it and you may need to run NoReset unless Parnet is on
      the same CD as the files you want to transfer.

      ParNFS is a replacement for Parnet, with bug fixes for Workbench 2 or
      above machines (that includes the CD32). It fixes the Dir, List, and
      Directory Opus bugs.

 A:   You can use The Communicator. This is a link from the CD32's Aux port
      to the Amiga and a CD-ROM with a series of utilities on it...

      Communicator...
	Display text and graphics on the CD32.
	Play Audio and Video CDs.
	Transfer files to and from the CD32.

      Twin Express...
	Serial file transfer program, Amiga and PC versions.

      Workbench...
	Modified to allow the joypad to be used as a mouse.

      Photolite...
	Display Kodak Photo CDs.

      Scala driver...
	Allows Scala, running on another Amiga, to control the CD32.

      There are two versions available. The Communicator Lite doesn't have a
      keyboard through port or MIDI in/out/thru.

 A:   There is a new version of The Communicator, with the original title of
      The Communicator 2. Improvements to the previous version are...

      Virtual CD...
	Appears to make more than one CD-ROM accessable to the host Amiga,
	also stops resetting.

      File Transfers...
	More reliable - Zmodem.
	Faster - apparently it can reach up to 210000 baud.
	More compatible - works better with ISO-9660 CDs.

      AGA Viewer...
	View pictures and anims in any mode, including AGA.
	Will also work for non-AGA machines.
	Supports datatypes.

      Workbench...
	A newer version (doesn't say which).

      Mediapoint driver...
	Alows Mediapoint, running on another Amiga, to control the CD32,
	including Audio and Video CDs.

      Hardware...
	Added A2000/A3000 keyboard port.
	Serial lead is DB25 to RJ10 (telephone) and is easier to remove.

      The Communicator Lite 2 doesn't have a keyboard through port, MIDI in/
      out/thru, or status LEDs.


 Q:   How do I attach a keyboard to my CD32?

 A:   IBM keyboards won't function without a custom add-on to translate IBM
      keycodes to Amiga keycodes (the SX-1 has this).

      Plug in an Amiga keyboard into the CD32's Aux port. Amiga keyboards are
      all exactly the same inside but just have a different case or plug on
      the end of the lead, so you'll probably need an adaptor...
	A500/+	Open up the case and build your own lead from the keyboard
		ribbon to the CD32. The pinouts	are at the end of the FAQ.
	A600	Not possible.
	A1000	Build your own adaptor from RJ-11 to mini-din. The pinouts
		are at the end of the FAQ.
	A1200	Not possible.
	A2000	Buy an AT to PS/2 keyboard adaptor from any PC clone shop and
		plug that inbetween.
	A3000	Buy an AT to PS/2 keyboard adaptor from any PC clone shop and
		plug that inbetween.
	A4000	No adaptor - just plug it in.
	CDTV	Buy an adaptor - eg. from Almathera or MultiMedia Machine. Or
		modify the CDTV keyboard yourself. The pinouts are at the end
		of the FAQ.

 A:   Plug in an IBM keyboard into the SX-1's keyboard port. F11 and F12 are
      used instead of the Left-Amiga and Right-Amiga keys. Print Screen is
      used instead of the Help key.

 A:   Create a Parnet or Sernet link (see above) and run PNetKeys. This re-
      directs all keyboard and mouse input from an Amiga window down the link
      to the CD32. You'll have to run a version that does a 'Mount MOUSE:' on
      the CD32 - no problem if you can create your own boot disk but it could
      be if you're using a version from a CD-ROM.

 A:   Use Patrick Van Beem's CD32 Keyboard program. It's similar to PNetKeys
      but it's smaller, faster, works over Twin Express or even by itself,
      and converts controller input to mouse input. The program is shareware
      - if you find it useful you should pay $5 or fl7.50. Patrick's Email
      address is patrick@aobh.xs4all.nl.


 Q:   How do I use my CD32 as a computer?

 A:   Use a SX-1. This has...
	IBM-PC AT keyboard port.
	9-pin serial port.
	Amiga standard parallel port.
	Amiga standard RGB port.
	Amiga standard floppy drive (use an external drive as DF0:. For more
				drives, daisy chain them from the first one).
	2.5" internal IDE connector (drive fits inside the SX-1).
	3.5" external IDE connector.
	SIMM socket for up to 8 meg additional RAM (restricted to 4 meg if
				    you intend to use the FMV cartridge too).
	Audio input (karaoke).
	Internal battery backed clock.
	Pass through connector (for other devices, eg. FMV cartridge).

      If you add the SX-1, the Aux port will not work as a serial connection
      any more, but you can still attach Amiga keyboards to it, even if you
      have a PC keyboard plugged into the SX-1.

      Some external drives do not like the SX-1. Roctec and M3-A-1 drives are
      a problem.

      If you use a file recovery program on the SX-1 disk, you'll get more
      utilities.

      If you intend to have more than two devices attached to the SX-1, you
      should think about getting a better power supply. These can be bought
      separately, or you can modify another Amiga one (eg. A500) by replacing
      the connector at the end of the lead.

      If you add extra memory to it, it should be at least 80ms fast.

 A:   Use a SX32. It's small so it fits *in* the CD32 like the MPEG module.
      You have a parrallel, serial, floppy, RGB and VGA-Port. You can put a
      2.5'' HD on it and a 2-8 MB PS/2 Simm module. Unfortunatly FMV cannot
      be used with it. It is also rumoured to come with an A1200 manual. Apart
      from that it fixes the voltage problems it is more or less like the
      SX-1.

      Alan Redhouse wrote:
	"Standard Amiga serial, parallel, FDD, RGB ports and a 15 pin VGA port.
	Uses standard Amiga K/b
	Has standard Simm socket for up to 8MB
	Has 2.5" HDD interface and mountings for an internal unit

	Everything (inc HDD) fits inside the CD32 (sockets protrude about 10mm)
	Supplied with WB3.0 on CDROM (obviously has K/s 3.1 already)

	VERY reliable - it must be the only Amiga accessory that we've picked up 
	& plugged in and its worked perfectly first time and ever since.

	It really does become a portable Amiga.

	Price 199.95 inc VAT"

 A:   Use a CD32x. This is a 19" rack mounted system for CD32s used in
      professional applications. It includes remote monitoring of CD32x
      units, fault detection, and options for genlocking and MPEG. There are
      connectors available for...
	Networking.
	RGB port.
	Scart port.
	Floppy port.
	IDE connector.
	Volume control.
	Stereo input and output.
	Internal battery backed clock.

      Mick Tinker of Index said that they're working on a home version of the
      CD32x. The release date depends on when Escom starts selling the CD32
      again.


 Q:   What are the SX-1 jumper descriptions?

 A:   Jumper number...
	1	OFF = If you have 1 or 4 megs.
		ON  = If you have 2 or 8 megs.
	2	OFF = If you have 1 or 2 megs.
		ON  = If you have 4 or 8 megs.
	3	OFF = If you have memory.
		ON  = If you have no memory (or defeat autoconfig).
	4	OFF = Normal boot time.
		ON  = Add 10 seconds to boot time (for slow HDs).
	5	OFF = If keyboard has two Alt keys.
		ON  = If keyboard has no Right-Alt (Right-CTRL used instead).


 Q:   How do I connect up an external 3.5" IDE drive to the SX-1?

 A:   Make your own connector using the pinouts given in the manual. There's
      no +12V supply on the 37 pin IDE plug, but you can wire in your own
      power supply or take the +12V supply from the floppy port instead.

 A:   Make a 2.5" to 3.5" conversion cable, and wire in your own power
      supply. Conversion cables can be bought as part of A1200 3.5" kits.

 A:   Or you can buy a box (don't know the name) from Hi-Q that sits in place
      of the SX-1's lid. It lets you plug in 3.5" IDE drives and it has a
      better power supply. The cost is 129.95UKP without any drive.

 Q:   Sometimes I have problems with my SX-1 and CD32 setup, causing
      freezing, and HD lock ups. They seems to be power related, how
      do I solve these?

 A:   They are indeed power related, but it's voltage, not wattage.

    Garry Cardinal  wrote:

    "My SX-1 enhanced CD-32 began hanging when I added an IDE drive to it.
    When using the hd the system would suddenly freeze.  I had a 2Mb
    SIMM installed, going to another SIMM or hard disk did not correct
    the problem.  This was all independent of FMV card presence.

    My SX-1's strange behaviour persisted until I bypassed the
    connections between the CD-32 power switch and the SX-1."

    I soldered a standard PC power supply female molex connector to the power
    switch on the CD-32 (switched side) and soldered a standard male molex
    connector to the SX-1 +12 and +5 power supply distribution system as close
    as possible to the 2.5" hard disk connector and ram socket.

    (Of course, observe antistatic precautions. Those faint of heart, take
     this text to a qualified service provider for the appropriate action. )

    When I was done, my problems disappeared.

    My configuration:

     CD-32
     SX-1 (with extra switch for memory test jumper plugging DB25 hole)
     20Mb Connor 2.5
     4Mb 32 bit simm
     FMV card
     A500 Power Supply"

 Q:   How do I read Mac CD-ROMs?

 A:   Get aminet:/disk/cdrom/AmiCDROM-1.15.lha, unarchive it, use the
      following options in the installer...
	Device			cd.device
	Unit			0.
	Memory options		Use any memory available.
	Other options		Use Rock Ridge names, if possible.
				Use trackdisk.device instead of SCSI-direct.
	Map filenames		Don't map filenames.
	General buffers		5.
	Read() buffers		5.
	Diskchange time		3.
	CD-DA icon command	None.
	CD-DA icon position 	Workbench chooses.
	Configure Mac options	Yes.
	Mac options		Convert Mac characters to Amiga characters.
				Examine CD first for a HFS partition.
	Data fork extension	Leave empty.
	Rsrc fork extension	Leave empty.
	AmigaDOS device name	CD1:, MAC0:, whatever you like.
	Automount		Yes: Mac CDs are recongnised all the time.
				No: You must click on the Storage/DOSDrivers/
				CD1 (or whatever) icon before using Mac CDs.

      Two icons will appear for each CD you insert - one is the CD32/CDTV/PC
      partition and the other is the Mac partition. If there is no Mac
      partition then both icons will be the same CD32/CDTV/PC partition.


 Q:   Is there an RGB output on the CD32 to connect my multisync monitor?

 A:   There are easily accessable RGB signal test points on the CD32's
      circuit board. The diagram is at the end of the FAQ. The SX-1 and CD32x
      both have RGB connectors on them.

 A:   Peter Kittel wrote:
      If you have the French version of the CD32, you have RGB at the S-Video
      jack. In this case, this jack is no more of standard "Hosiden" type,
      but is a Mini-DIN with 8 pins. The four extra pins carry R,G,B, and
      CSync.

       wrote:
      Cables (maybe with extra logic) are being sold in France, which allow
      you to connect your CD32 to a 1084, presumably using that SCART-RGB
      output.


 Q:   Can Amiga 1200 trapdoor or PCMCIA expansions be used with CD32?

 A:   No. The CD32 does not have the same expansion connectors as the A1200.


 Q:   Where can I find the programs mentioned above?

 A:   CD32 Keyboard					Patrick Van Beem
      NoReset		Communicator (CDReboot OFF)	Eureka
			Network CD			Weird Science
			Video Creator *			Almathera
      Parnet		Amiga CD! 3			AUI
			Network CD			Weird Science
      Photo CD reader	FolioworX Player		Olaf Barthel
			Network CD			Weird Science
			Photo CD Manager		Asimware
			Photolite			Eureka
      Sernet		Network CD			Weird Science
      Twin Express	Amiga CD! 3			AUI
			Network CD			Weird Science
      Workbench 3.?	CDPD 3				Almathera
			Demo 2				Almathera
      Workbench 3.0	CDPD 4				Almathera
			Lock 'n' Load			North West PD
      Workbench 3.1	Demo Disc V2 *			Commodore
			Legendry Design demo CD		Creative Computers

      For CDs marked with a *, you'll need to connect an Amiga mouse into
      controller port 2, hold down both mouse buttons, and press the reset
      button. You will be given a boot menu where you should boot with no
      Startup-Sequence. Then use the keyboard to run the program wanted.

      If you want to run Workbench, you've already got Kickstart 3.1, so you
      just need to get hold of the Workbench software. All of the versions
      work work, but the later the version the better.

      The C= Demo Disc V2 is available from Claude Mueller - Email him for
      prices. Claude's Email address is claude.mueller@hdclick.link-ch1.ch.


[---- Emulating a CD32 -----------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   Which machines stand a chance of running CD32 games?

 A:   You may get away with running shovelware stuff if you have an OCS or
      ECS Amiga, but many CD32 games expect at least an '020, 2 meg of chip
      RAM, and an AGA chipset - an A1200 or A4000.

      The A1200 might be more compatible than the A4000 - some programs may
      fall over because of the differences in memory and CPUs.


 Q:   What are the differences between the Archos, CD1200, CD4000, and
      Squirrel CD drives?

 A:   The Archos drive uses the PCMCIA slot, emulates Akiko through software
      (but as far as I know only Wing Commander uses it and that crashes,
      hmm...), needs you to install the CD-ROM file system to your Workbench
      before you can use the drive, needs a utility (supplied) to boot CD32
      CDs, and doesn't have FMV capability.

      The CD1200 isn't available yet. It uses the A1200's trapdoor slot, has
      Akiko, has Kickstart 3.1, boots straight from CD-ROM, and doesn't have
      FMV capability.

      Peter Kittel wrote:
      The CD1200 is a prototype CD-ROM drive for the A1200, which makes the
      A1200 CD32-compatible. This is still in prototype, was shown on a few
      fairs, and as of now it's uncertain whether it ever will get produced.
      With it you get CD32 software compatibility, but no hardware
      compatibility. Especially there is no chance to add the FMV cartridge
      to it.

      The CD4000 isn't available yet. It's a card that fits into one of the
      A4000's Zorro 3 slots and a CD drive that slides into a drive bay, has
      Akiko, has Kickstart 3.1, boots straight from CD-ROM, and has FMV
      capability.

      The Squirrel uses the PCMICA slot, doesn't appear to emulate Akiko,
      needs you to install the CD-ROM file system to your Workbench before
      you can use the drive, needs a utility (supplied) to boot CD32 CDs, and
      doesn't have FMV capability. It's also a full SCSI interface. If you'd
      like to add other SCSI devices (such as tape storage, scanners, etc...)
      then it could be a better choice than the Archos. Also software updates
      are regularly uploaded to Aminet (unlike Archos' where you have to try
      to convince your dealer to give you a free copy).


 Q:   What's good/bad about a CD drive using the PCMICA or trapdoor slots?

 A:   If your CD drive uses the PCMICA slot, you've got a RAM board in the
      trapdoor slot, it's got more than 4 meg of fast RAM, and it doesn't
      Autoconfig properly, then the drive may refuse to work or you could
      lose all memory above the 4 meg barrier because the PCMCIA slot and the
      memory both try to use the same address space. You could only use 4 meg
      or you could ask your dealer for an upgrade.

      Some trapdoor accelerators don't Autoconfig properly either. Notably
      Amitek, Blizzard, and GVP ones. Amitek offer a free upgrade to fix this
      problem. The Blizzard 1230III and the GVP 1230 '030 boards work fine,
      don't know about other Blizzard and GVP boards. All of the Microbotics
      boards work.

      If your CD drive uses the trapdoor slot then you can kiss goodbye to
      RAM expansions and accelerators.


 Q:   What do I need to do to run a CD32 game if I don't have the Archos,
      CD1200, CD4000, or the Squirrel CD drive?

 A:   If you have a SCSI CD drive then you can assign CD0: to the CD drive
      (if it isn't already), assign the standard directories (C:, DEVS:,
      ENVARC:, FONTS:, L:, LIBS:, S:, SYS:) across to the CD-ROM and execute
      S:Startup-Sequence.

 A:   If you have a Parnet or Sernet link to a CD32 or CDTV, you can assign
      CD0: to NET:CD0, assign the CD-ROM's name to NET:, assign the
      standard directories, then execute S:Startup-Sequence. It's slow
      though, so if you have a big hard drive, it's probably better to go for
      the next option...

 A:   It should be possible to copy all of the CD-ROM to your hard drive by
      using a Parnet, Sernet, or Twin Express link to a CD32 or CDTV, assign
      CD0: and the CD-ROM's name to the directory that you copied to, assign
      the standard directories to the equivalent place on the hard drive, and
      execute S:Startup-Sequence.

 A:   The game may have an icon to double click to run it. In that case you
      don't need to assign or execute anything.

 A:   There's a program called Cache-CDFS that's distributed in Germany. It
      works on the A1200 or A4000. It sits between the CD32 game and the
      Amiga's SCSI, IDE, or PCMCIA CD-ROM drive. Most CD32 games should work
      once it's installed, but there have been some problems reported with
      NEC 3x CD drives. It's commercial. Nobody's said how good the emulation
      is. You can contact the author, Oliver Kastl, by Email. Oliver's Email
      address is 100447.3361@compuserve.com.

      Almathera are selling a bug-fixed and English language version. Video
      Creator will also work once it's been installed.

 A:   There's another available, called CD-Boot. This works on the A1200 or
      A4000. It sits between the CD32 game and Amiga's SCSI, IDE, or PCMCIA
      CD-ROM drive. You can create config files for each CD. It's commercial.
      One person said that the success rate was 2 out of 7 games. You can
      contact the author, Thomas Kessler, by Email. Thomas' Email address is
      kessler@fim.uni-erlangen.de.

 A:   This is a quick description made after reading Asimware's info sheet
      (it's probably better to read the full thing for yourself if you're
      interested before making up your mind):

      Asimware's AsimCDFS can emulate CDTVs and CD32s, but the how good it is
      depends on the individual machine. But it also has a music CD player,
      music CD support (so the music looks like AIFF, MAUD, and RAW files),
      and Photo CD support (so the pictures look like normal IFF ILBM files).


 Q:   What can go wrong?

 A:   Make sure the game can access lowlevel.library in LIBS:. If not, the
      game can't use the CD32 joypad, or may not even work. If it can, you
      can plug the CD32 joypad straight into the joystick port.

 A:   You may not be able to play the games that use the extra joypad buttons
      properly if you don't have a joypad to press them with...

 A:   The game tries to use nonvolatile.library to save to the CD32's NVRAM.
      Make sure that this can be accessed in LIBS: and you create a file
      called "ENVARC:sys/nv_location" - a single line of text that is the
      directory name of where you would like saved data to be stored.

 A:   The game could try to call some 3.1 functions that don't exist in 3.0.
      Upgrading your Kickstart should fix this problem.

 A:   You won't hear any CD music. There's no way around this. Sometimes the
      game may decide to keel over because it can't play the CD music.

 A:   The game tries to use Akiko. If you've upgraded to 3.1 and it still
      goes wrong then there's no way around this.


 Q:   Are there any incompatiblities when using an Archos CD drive?

 A:   Here's a list. If you've got an update, let me know and I'll put the
      change in here...

      Work...
	Alien Breed Special Ed.	7	Alien Breed T. Assault	    11
	Arcade Pool		    11	ATR			    11
	Banshee			7   11  Brutal Sports Football	7
	Bubba 'n' Stix		7	Bubble 'n' Squeak	7
	Chaos Engine		7	D/Generation		7   11
	Defender of the Crown 2	7	Diggers			7
	Emerald Mines		7   11	Fields of Glory		    11
	Fire and Ice		    11	Flink			    11
	Fly Harder		    11	Frontier		7
	Heimdall 2		7	Microcosm		7
	Labyrinth of Time	7	Lemmings		    11
	Lost Vikings		    11	Oscar			7   11
	Overkill/Lunar C	    11	Pinball Fantasies	    11
	Rise of the Robots	7	Roadkill		    11
	Sabre Team		    11	Sensible Soccer		7
	Super Stardust		    11	Superfrog		7   11
	The Clue		    11	Trolls			    11
	UFO			    11	Ultimate Body Blows	    11
	Zool 1			7	Zool 2			7

      Works with a bit of messing around...
	Arabian Nights		    11	Disable fast RAM
	Beneath a Steel Sky	    11	Use a Joypad in port 1
	Microcosm		    11	Load from Workbench
	Jungle Strike		    11	Disable fast RAM
	Kid Chaos		    11	Switch music off
	Quick Thunder Rabbit	    11	Disable fast RAM
	Zool 2			    11	Switch music off

      Sort of works...
	Guardian		7	Crashes after one game
	Project-X		7	Crashes after a few levels
	Ultimate Body Blows	7	Crashes after one game

      Doesn't work...
	Alfred Chicken		    11	Battle Chess		7	
	Beavers			    11	Cannon Fodder		    11
	Chaos Engine		    11	Chuck Rock 1 		    11
	Chuck Rock 2		7	Defender of the Crown	    11
	Diggers			7	Disposable Hero		    11
	Fire Force		    11	Frontier		    11
	Global Effect		7	Guardian		    11
	Gunship 2000		7	Impossible Mission 2025	7
	James Pond 3		7	Lemmings		7
	Lotus Trilogy		7	Liberation		    11
	Litil Devil		    11	Nick Faldo's Golf	    11
	Nigel Mansell		    11	Morph			7
	Out to Lunch		    11	Pinball Illusions	    11
	Pirate's Gold		7   11	Ryder Cup Challenge	7
	Simon The Sorcerer	7   11	Sabre Team		7
	Soccer Kid		    11	Striker			7   11
	Super Putty		7	Universe		    11
	Video Creator		7	Wembley International	7   11
	Whale's Voyage		    11	Wing Commander		7   11

      The numbers are for the version of the software. Some work on 7 but not
      11, some work on 11 but not 7. There's nothing listed for version 9 at
      the moment, but if it works on 7 or 11 then it maybe it could work on
      9, and if it works on 7 and 11 then it definately should work on 9.
      There's no version 8 or 10. Anyone confused? Good.

 A:   Also check out the Archos Overdrive home pages. Have a look in the
      Internet section for details.


[---- Software developers --------------------------------------------------]


 Q:   Are there any licence agreements that have to be made to produce CD32
      software?

 A:   The first real problem is in making a bootable CD32 disc. This requires
      special software and license/royalty agreements which were available
      from the C= developer programs.

      Developers who obtained these rights before the C= liquidation may be
      able to master the CD-ROMs with the appropriate boot/system files, for
      you - as your publisher.

      On the other hand, now that the C= liquidation is over, you should be
      able to apply for your own developer status and publish your own CDs.

      Escom are the new owners. It seems they're only going to market the
      CD32 as a set-top box, but they could start making more early 1996 or
      do a proper Amiga CD system.


 Q:   How do I master my own CDs?

 A:   This is a quick description made after reading Asimware's info sheet
      (it's probably better to read the full thing for yourself if you're
      interested before making up your mind):

      Asimware's Master ISO costs US $550.00/CDN $720.00 and works on an
      Amiga with Workbench 3, a SCSI controller, 1.3 gig of HD space, 16 meg
      of RAM, and a CD recorder. It can create ISO 9660 CD-ROMs with 8.3 and
      long file names from one or more volumes, Music CDs (Red Book) from
      CDDA, MAUD, or AIFF files, and CDs which are a mixture of the two. It
      can also make CDTV and CD32 bootable CDs (you need a developer licence
      though). It supports Yamaha CDR100, Pinnacle RCD-202, Philips CDD-521,
      and CDD-522 CD recorders.


 Q:   What are the authoring capabilities available for the CD32?

 A:   Theoretically, any standard Amiga development tools for AGA machines
      should be useful for developing applications that run on a CD32. This
      would include Multimedia tools with freely distributable players, C
      compilers, assemblers, etc.


 Q:   What are the popular development tools?

 A:   Popular Multimedia authoring packages for the Amiga include...
	AmigaVision Professional	CanDo
	HELM				Interplay
	SCALA Multimedia

      Popular C compilers include...
	DICE				GNU C
	SAS/C

      Popular 68K assemblers include...
	DevPacIII			Macro68

      Popular image manipulation software include...
	AdPro				ImageF/X
	ImageMaster

      Popular music related software include...
	AudioMasterIV			Bars&Pipes Pro
	Deluxe Music 2			MusicX
	OctaMED professional		Sonix
	SuperJAM!			Trackers - too many to mention

      Popular 3D modelling software include...
	Caligari			Imagine
	LightWave (Video Toaster)	Real3D

      Popular 'video painting' programs include...
	Brilliance			Deluxe Paint IV AGA
	DCTV Paint			EGS Paint
	Opal Paint			TV Paint
	XI Paint

      Contact the software company involved with your favourite authoring
      software for more information regarding CD32 specific development.


[---- Pinouts --------------------------------------------------------------]


      CD32 Aux port...			View straight on. 6 pin mini-din.
					Female type. Combined kboard/serial.
	1  I / O  Keyboard data		    _ _
	2      O  Serial transmit	  .' V `.
	3	  Ground		 / 6   5 \
	4	  +5V DC		| 4  O  3 |
	5 (I)/ O  Keyboard clock	`-. 2 1 .-'
	6  I	  Serial receive	  `-----' Shield

	Written by Klaus Hegemann, posted as part of 'CD32 expansion port
	info' by Anders Stenkvist in comp.sys.amiga.hardware, forwarded by
	Michael King.

	If you wire up a keyboard and get characters constantly appearing on
	the screen then you've wired up the keyboard clock and data pins the
	wrong way around.

	There are no RTS/CTS pins for high speed modems.

	The serial pins are at 0/5V, if the computer you're connecting it to
	has a different voltage (eg. the Amiga serial port's pins are at
	+/-12V) then you need a level converter between the two.

	The serial pins may not be properly buffered to use safely with some
	external devices. You could damage your CD32 if you try to hook them
	up without an external buffer. A diagram of a buffer is given in the
	posting mentioned above.


      CD32 combined SCART/RGB port (only on French CD32s)...

	Well, first you must make sure that you really have the 8-pin version
	of that S-Video connector (mini-DIN), this is only existant on the
	French version of the CD32. Now if that's ok, then here is the
	pinout:

	1=Red, 2=Blue, 3=Audio (L or R, don't know), 4=Green, 5=Audio (L or
	R), 6=Luminance, 7=CSync, 8=Chroma

	Taken from an Email by Peter Kittel, forwarded by Olivier Cremel.


      CDTV keyboard connector...

	1	  Ground
	2  I / O  Keyboard data
	3 (I)/ O  Keyboard clock
	4	  +5V DC
	5	  Unused

	To modify the CDTV keyboard to connect to the CD32...

	Cut the plastic pin from the connector.
	Open the case.
	Find the connector where the cable is located.
	Switch leads 1-4 and 2-3.
	Close the case.

	Taken from a posting by Paul van der Heu.


      A500 keyboard connector...				* = link

	1  black  Keyboard clock				--------
	2  brown  Keyboard data	       A500 keyboard cable ---> 12345678
	3  red	  Res						--------
	4  orange +5V DC					||||||||
	5  yellow Unused			5 --------------*| | |
	6  green  Ground			1 ---------------* | |
	7  blue	  Power LED			4 -----------------* |
	8  violet Disk LED			3 -------------------*
								||||||||
	Connect like this...					--------
				A500 motherboard connector ---> 12345678
	A500	CD32						--------
	1	5
	2	1
	4	4
	6	3

	Taken from an Email by Kimmo Veijalainen.


      A1000 keyboard connector...

	1	  +5V DC		Viewed looking straight on into
	2 (I)/ O  Keyboard clock	socket. RJ11 connector. Female.
	3  I / O  Keyboard data			      _
	4	  Ground			    _| |_
						 __|     |__
						|           |
						|           |
						|           |
						|__|_|_|_|__|

						   1 2 3 4

	Usual stuff: I'm not responsible for blowing up Ami, etc; use at own
	risk, etc, etc. Having said this, it did work for me. :)

	Ref's used: Amiga Hardware Reference Manual (A1000) & the good ol'
	CD32-FAQ.

	Taken from an Email by Chris Naylor.


      CD32 power port...		View straight on. 4 pin din.
					   _ _
	1 +5V				 .' V `.
	2 +12V				 |1   2|
	3 Ground			 `.3 4.'
	4 Unknown			  `---' Shield

	Put a ground jumper from pin 3 to the shield.

	You can modify another Amiga power supply (eg. A500) for this by
	replacing the connector at the end of the lead.

	Taken from a posting by Michael Litchfield.


      CD32 RGB signals...

	The RGB signals are available from a test port, TP9...

	| |  | <--- Kickstart ROM		.-.	Desc	Equiv pin #s
	| |  |					|o|
	| |  |					|o|
	| `--' .----. <--- Akiko		|o|
	|      |    |				|o|	HSync	159
	|      |    |	  : <--- TP9		|o|	VSync	160
	|      `----'     :			|o|	Red	163 and 164
	|       ..        :O.--.		|o|	Green	165 and 166
	`-------'`----------'  |		|o|	Blue	167 and 168
	^		    ^  `-------		|o|	CSync	157
	|		    |			|o|	Ground	161 and 162
	Expansion port	    Pin 182		`-'

	The RGB signals come from the D/A conversion unit and lead directly
	to the expansion port. These signals are, however, not amplified. In
	addition they are weakened by the S-Video output unit.

	As a result I (aim to) insert a 47 Ohm resistor to each colour signal
	connection. You may also reduce the load by interrupting the signal
	supply to the S-Video unit. Set pin 174 of the expansion port to GND
	to achieve that (174 --> u36 (4066) signal switches).

	The sync signals connected to the expansion port are unbuffered. As
	a result you may re-synchronize your Amiga by an external tact
	source. You schould at least buffer the CSync line; there is no
	external synchronisation possible on this pin.

	Hint: make use of an XOR gate chip. You may negate certain sync
	line(s) to adapt your Amiga to (old? :-( ) multiscan-monitors (the
	A4000 monitor adapter box will do the same; without the possibility
	of selected negation).

	Written by Klaus Hegemann, posted as part of 'CD32 expansion port
	info' by Anders Stenkvist in comp.sys.amiga.hardware, forwarded by
	Michael King.


[---- Addresses ------------------------------------------------------------]


      Almathera,		Video Creator, keyboards, serial adaptor kit,
      Southerton House,		Cache-CDFS (a CD32 emulator).
      Boundary Business Court,	Phone: +44 (0)181 687 0040
      92-94 Church Road,	  Fax: +44 (0)181 687 0490
      Mitcham,			Email: jralph@cix.compulink.co.uk (technical)
      Surrey,			       almathera@cix.compulink.co.uk  (sales)
      CR4 3TD,
      England.

      Amiga CD32 Magazine,	Phone: +44 (0)1225 442244
      Future Publishing,	  Fax: +44 (0)1225 318740
      30 Monmouth Street,	Email: amformat@cix.compulink.co.uk
      Bath,			       amformat@futurenet.co.uk
      Avon,			 http://www.futurenet.co.uk/
      BA1 2BW,
      England.

      Amiga Game Zone,		Phone: +1 (217) 344 3478
      103 W. California,	  Fax: +1 (217) 344 3478
      Urbana,			Email: gamezone@prairienet.org
      IL 61801,			 http://uxa.cso.uiuc.edu/~razmataz/agz.html
      USA.

      Amiga User International,	Phone: +44 (0)171 487 1076/1072
      48 George Street,		  Fax: +44 (0)171 224 0547
      London,			Email: amigauser@cix.compulink.co.uk
      W1H 5RT,			       gary@auimag.demon.co.uk
      England.

      Asimware,			AsimCDFS, Master ISO, Photo CD Manager.
      600 Upper Wellington St,	Phone: Canada (905) 578 4916
      Unit D,			  Fax: Canada (905) 578 3966
      Hamilton,
      Ontario,
      L9A 3P9,
      Canada.

      Brian Fowler Computers,	Distributes communicator and other things.
      11 North Street,		Phone: +44 (0)1392 499755
      Exeter,			  Fax: +44 (0)1392 423480
      Devon,			Hours: Mon-Sat 9:30-6:30 GMT
      EX4 3QS,			Email: brian_fowler@cix.compulink.co.uk
      England.

      DCE Computer Service,     Distributes the SX32 for 400DM.
      Kellenbergerstrasse 19a,  Phone: +49 208633151
      46145 Oberhausen,           Fax: +49 208630496
      Germany.

      Direct Computer Supplies,	Cheap Parnet/null modem/etc... cables.
      36 Hope Street,		Phone: +44 (0)1782 642497
      Hanley,
      Stoke On Trent,
      ST1 5BS,
      England.

      Epic Marketing,		A4000 keyboards, probably sold out by now.
      Victoria Centre,		Phone: +44 (0)1793 490988
      138-139 Victoria Road,
      Swindon,
      Wilts,
      SN1 3BU,
      England.

      Eureka, Frank Hoen,	Communicator, Communicator 2, Photolite.
      Adsteeg 10,		Phone: +31 (463) 70800
      6191 PX Beek (L),		  Fax: +31 (463) 60188
      The Netherlands.		Email: hoen@iaehv.iaehv.nl

      Goldtech Computer Systems,CD Gold magazine.
      67 Turner Road,
      Walthamstow,
      London,
      E17 3JG,
      England.

      Hi-Tech.			Took over Paravision/Microbotics.
				But Jaytron does SX-1 support.
				Phone: +1 (805) 681 9961

      Index Information Ltd,	CD32x.
      60 High Street,		Phone: +44 (0)1256 703426
      Odiham,			  Fax: +44 (0)1256 701023
      Hampshire,		Email: index@cix.compulink.co.uk
      RG25 1LN,
      England.

      Jaytron.			SX-1 support.
				Phone: +1 (214) 644 1689 (Michael Miller)
				  Fax: +1 (214) 669 0021

      Multimedia Machine,	CDTV -> CD32 keyboard adaptors,
      59 Bridgeman Place,	SX-1/drive/keyboard bundle.
      Bolton,			Phone: +44 (0)1204 387410
      BL2 1DE,			  Fax: +44 (0)1204 380952
      England.

      North West PD,		Lock 'n' Load, other CD32 software.
      PO Box 1617,		Phone: +1 (206) 351 9502
      Auburn,
      WA 98071-1617,
      USA.

      Optonica,			Interplay - authoring system, Insight CDs.
      1 The Terrace,		Phone: +44 (0)1455 558282
      High Street,		  Fax: +44 (0)1455 559386
      Lutterworth,
      Leics,
      LE17 4BA,
      England.

      Paragon Publishing Ltd,	CD32 Gamer.
      Durham House,		Phone: +44 (0)1202 299900
      124 Old Christchurch Rd,    Fax: +44 (0)1202 299955
      Bournemouth,
      BH1 1NF,
      England.

      Stefan Ossowski's		CD-Boot (a CD32 emulator).
       Schatztruhe GmbH,	Phone: +49 (0)201 788778
      Veronikastr. 33,		  Fax: +49 (0)201 798447
      D-45131 Essen,		Email: stefano@tchest.e.eunet.de
      Germany.

      Weird Science,		Network CD, Sernet cables.
      1 Rowlandson Close,	Phone: +44 (0)116 234 0682
      Bracken Field Chase,	Email: david@weirdscience.co.uk
      Leicestershire,
      LE4 2SE,
      England.

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